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RED BANDITS OF
When chimneys were first added to houses in Wales, and the style of
house-building changed, from round to square, many old people found
fault with the new fashion of letting the smoke out.
They declared they caught colds and sneezed oftener, than in the times
gone by. The chimneys, they said, cost too much money, and were
useless extravagances. They got along well enough, in the good old
days, when the smoke had its own way of getting out. Then, it took
plenty of time to pass through the doors and windholes, for no one
person or thing was in a hurry, when they were young. Moreover, when
the fireplace was in the middle of the floor, the whole family sat
around it and had a sociable time.
It was true, as they confessed, when argued with, that the smell of
the cooking used to linger too long. The soot also, hung in long
streamers from the rafters, and stuck to the house, like old friends.
But the greatest and most practical objection of the old folks to the
chimneys was that robbers used them to climb down at night and steal
people's money, when they were asleep. So, many householders used to
set old scythe blades across the new smoke holes, to keep out the
thieves, or to slice them up, if they persisted.
In Montgomery, which is one of the Welsh shires, there was an epidemic
of robbery, and the doings of the Red Bandits are famous in history.
Now there was a young widow, whose husband had been killed by the
footpads, or road robbers. She was left alone in the world, with a
little boy baby in the cradle and only one cow in the byre. She had
hard work to pay her rent, but as there were three or four scythes set
in the chimney, and the cow stable had a good lock on it, she thought
she was safe from burglars or common thieves.
But the Reds picked out the most expert chimney-climber in their gang,
and he one night slipped down into the widow's cottage, without making
any noise or cutting off his nose, toes, or fingers. Then, robbing the
widow of her rent money, he picked the lock of the byre and drove off
the cow. In the morning, the poor woman found both doors open, but
there was no money and no cow.
While she was crying over her loss, and wringing her hands, because of
her poverty, she heard a knock at the door.
"Come in," said the widow.
There entered an old lady with a kindly face. She was very tall and
well dressed. Her cloak, her gloves, and shoes, and the ruffles under
her high peaked Welsh head dress, were all green. The widow thought
she looked like an animated leek. In her right hand was a long staff,
and in her left, under her cloak, she held a little bag, that was
"Why do you weep?" asked the visitor.
Then the widow told her tale of woe--the story of the loss of her
husband, and how a red robber, in spite of the scythe blades set in
the chimney, had come down and taken away both her money and her cow.
Now, although she had sold all her butter and cream, she could neither
pay her rent, nor have any buttermilk with her rye bread and flummery.
"Dry your tears and take comfort," said the tall lady in the green
peaked hat. "Here is money enough to pay your rent and buy another
cow." With that, she sat down at the round table near the peat fire.
Opening her bag, the shining gold coins slid out and formed a little
heap on the table.
"There, you can have all this, if you will give me all I want."
At first, the widow's eyes opened wide, and then she glanced at the
cradle, where her baby was sleeping. Then she wondered, though she
But the next moment, she was laughing at herself, and looking around
at her poor cottage. She tried to guess what there was in it, that the
old lady could possibly want.
"You can have anything I have. Name it," she said cheerfully to her
But only a moment more, and all her fears returned at the thought that
the visitor might ask for her boy.
The old lady spoke again and said:
"I want to help you all I can, but what I came here for is to get the
little boy in the cradle."
The widow now saw that the old woman was a fairy, and that if her
visitor got hold of her son, she would never see her child again.
So she begged piteously of the old lady, to take anything and
everything, except her one child.
"No, I want that boy, and, if you want the gold, you must let me take
"Is there anything else that I can do for you, so that I may get the
money?" asked the widow.
"Well, I'll make it easier for you. There are two things I must tell
you to cheer you."
"What are they?" asked the widow, eagerly.
"One is, that by our fairy law, I cannot take your boy, until three
days have passed. Then, I shall come again, and you shall have the
gold; but only on the one condition I have stated."
"And the next?" almost gasped the widow.
"If you can guess my name, you will doubly win; for then, I shall give
you the gold and you can keep your boy."
Without waiting for another word, the lady in green scooped up her
money, put it back in the bag, and moved off and out the door.
The poor woman, at once a widow and mother, and now stripped of her
property, fearing to lose her boy, brooded all night over her troubles
and never slept a wink.
In the morning, she rose up, left her baby with a neighbor, and went
to visit some relatives in the next village, which was several miles
distant. She told her story, but her kinsfolk were too poor to help
her. So, all disconsolate, she turned her face homewards.
On her way back she had to pass through the woods, where, on one side,
was a clearing. In the middle of this open space, was a ring of grass.
In the ring a little fairy lady was tripping around and singing to
Creeping up silently, the anxious mother heard to her joy, a rhymed
couplet and caught the sound of a name, several times repeated. It
sounded like "Silly Doot."
Hurrying home and perfectly sure that she knew the secret that would
save her boy, she set cheerily about her regular work and daily tasks.
In fact, she slept soundly that night.
Next day, in came the lady in green as before, with her bag of money.
Taking her seat at the round table, near the fire, she poured out the
gold. Then jingling the coins in the pile, she said:
"Now give up your boy, or guess my name, if you want me to help you."
The young widow, feeling sure that she had the old fairy in a trap,
thought she would have some fun first.
"How many guesses am I allowed?" she asked.
"All you want, and as many as you please," answered the green lady,
The widow rattled off a string of names, English, Welsh and Biblical;
but every time the fairy shook her head. Her eyes began to gleam, as if
she felt certain of getting the boy. She even moved her chair around
to the side nearest the cradle.
"One more guess," cried the widow. "Can it be Silly Doot?"
At this sound, the fairy turned red with rage. At the same moment, the
door opened wide and a blast of wind made the hearth fire flare up.
Leaving her gold behind her, the old woman flew up the chimney, and
disappeared over the housetops.
The widow scooped up the gold, bought two cows, furnished her cottage
with new chairs and fresh flowers, and put the rest of the coins away
under one of the flag stones at the hearth. When her boy grew up, she
gave him a good education, and he became one of the fearless judges,
who, with the aid of Baron Owen, rooted out of their lair the Red
Bandits, that had robbed his mother. Since that day, there has been
little crime in Wales--the best governed part of the kingdom.