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Finnish-Baltic and Siberian Fairies

Fairy Tales of the Mari-El
Europes last pagans.

Fairies of the Mari El
Described as Europes last pagans as many of them never converted to Christianity and have listed themselves as retaining their traditional religion in censuses through the modern era this is a listing of many of the fairy creatures which haunt their homes, forests and prayers.

Finnish Fairies
Till recent times it may be said that the West Finns held the same belief in spirits as the East Finns. They were of opinion that every lake, stream, forest, heath and swamp, every tree and flower, as well as every living being, was inhabited or ruled by a spirit, sometimes called a haltia, who might be of either sex, as among the East Finns. We have already learnt that haltia is an early Scandinavian loan-word meaning 'governor, ruler.' For instance, in Genesis, Joseph is termed the haltia or steward of Pharaoh's household. In the Magic Songs it occurs several times as the spirit-ruler, or wielder of authority. An exorcist declares that God is his haltia, who assisted him against sorcerers (2 f). The Creator is the haltia of the heavens (59 a). Old mother Eine, life's haltia, is invoked to rouse herself before a sorcerer rises, to help a beloved son, .