or Abaahy (Yakuts) Evil
spirits which might take on many forms. In one tale in which the abaasy
is killing the calfs of a village it appears as a boy wearing a calf
skin vest who climbs up on the calfs causing the animal to grow ill.
The shaman sneaks up on and grabs this abaasy by the hair causing it to
vanish forever. They can also be one eyed, one armed, one legged evil
spirits which come from the lower level of the universe (reffered to as
the underworld or the kingdom of darkness). They which ride on two
headed, two legged, two tailed dragons. The Abaahy are at times the
dead of the long time deceased who dwelled near graves and deserted
places. They would travel around causing destruction. They served Arson
Doulai the ruler of the dead who would swallow peoples souls and gives
the living diseases. They could be appeased with blood sacrifices.
Abumikuchi (Yokai) (Japan)
tsukumo-gami which is the stirrup of a soldier who had an arrow shot
through his leg and into his stirrup. This in turn imbues the stirrup
with life making this a good first Japanese being to discuss, for one
of the most interesting things about Japan is the fact that many things
can be imbued with life and personality. One of the more interesting
creatures in Japanese folklore are ancient bowls which help bys become
master theifs. (have an article on the tsukumo-gami linked to this)
Spirits which appear as infants and who can into fireballs by drinking
the oil from lanterns
Kamuy of the heavens who came from the heavens and taught the Ainu
people the domestic arts. He is responsible for teaching weaving to the
Ainu women and carving to the men. He is credited with teaching
techniques of fishing, hunting, gathering, architecture, medicine, and
religious ritual, and is associated with law and singing. More than
just a domestic Kamui, however, he also was a warrior and a hero of the
Ainu people who fought many battles to protect them. Depicted as being
ringed in smoke with flames surrounding him, he wears a coat of elm
bark fiber and carries a flaming sword as with many such heroic type
beings he battles and slays a personification of famine with his spear
There are a number of myths of Ae-oine Kamuy's origin,
arising from different Ainu tribes. He is said to be the son of,
variously, the elm tree, thunder, or the sun.
In addition to his
role as teacher and warrior he is also a creator, creating deer,
schools of fish and having his sandals turn into squrrials.
however, he lef the Ainu in disapointment at their decline. As with
many such myths the kamiu in the heavens send him back because he reeks
of humans forcing him to leave some of his clothes on earth to return.
death portent in the form of a bird which sings outside the door of a
person who’s going to die.
call me the Young. I am the sunlight in the heart, the moonlight in the
mind; I am the light at the end of every dream, the voice for ever
calling to come away; I am desire beyond joy or tears. Come with me,
come with me: I will make you immortal; for my palace opens into the
Gardens of the Sun” Extracted
from “Fairy Faith in the Celtic Lands” by Wentz One
of the Tuatha De Danann who became an important part of the folk
religions of Ireland and who's home appears to have been one of the
places fairies lived.
Afanc (Welsh) There
are a number of different tales of the Afanc which either describe it
as a water demon or a creature that looks like a mix between crocodile
and beaver. In all cases, however, it was a dangerous creature which
would prey on those who went into its lake and it's stories had female
shaman figures who helped people defeat it.
as beautiful humans they are forest dwellers. They come out of the
forests at night to cause mild mischief such as moving things around or
occasionally taking food. They are friendly, however, and will guide
people to things which the person has lost. Further they will provide
humasn with plants with medical properties.
ongon (Mongolia) An
Ongon which helps with hunting. (See Ongon)
Aillan Mac Midhna (Irish) A
Tuatha De Danann Musician who would come out on Samain Day and lull
people to sleep with his music before breathing fire to burn up Tara.
Fairy Goddess and a member of the Tuatha De Dannan.
Toyon (Yakut) The
god of light which is usually depicted as an eagle perched atop the
Buhe (Mongolia) The
spirit of the Lena River. Shamans and people would make offerings to
her and envoke her for blessings and protection.
spirit of the forest which can appear as a dragon or a giant snake. She
is the mother of disease and serpents whom she suckles and any looking
upon her becoming ill.
Ajisukitakahikone no kami (Kami)
tutelary kami of the Kamo province. The Nihon Shoki mentions him
ascending him to heaven to visit his deceased friend Ame-Waka-Hiko,
whom he resembled very much. The family of the deceased confused him
with the dead person whereupon he got angry for being mistaken for
something so polluted as a corpse and destroyed the mortuary house
which fell to earth and became the mountain Moyama. He is depicted as a
baby who is carried up and down a ladder to get him to sleep. The sound
of the thunder is a resault of him being pulled up and down this ladder.
Kaltas (Khanty) A
spirit which protects pregnant woman.
large black cloud with the face of a dog which has a long red tongue
which grows angry at villages who create irrigation systems of those
that prevent other villages from getting enough water.
goblin with a frog like face, long black hair, and sharp claws which
appears in unkept bathrooms and licks unclean surfaces with it's long
A soba cart pushed by some invisible force which would bring bad luck
to those who tried to order from it.
deity of various plants such as turnips, cabbage, flax and
female spirit often mentioned in song prayers in peoples request for
help. Among other things she helps women to successfully carry their
child and give birth.
spirit of the bathhouse, a shape changer it may appear as a man or as a
women or as an animal, yet it travels in the form of a shooting star
sending of sparks. They have a strong relation to the forest spirits
living in the swamps and ravines and at times are said to be the same
beings. They often attempt to have sexual relations with humans and
their kiss is the cause of cold sores. Yet at the same time they punish
sexual impurity in women and men by killing or sickening them. Its
power is conanted the little finger of its left hand which if broken
causes it to loose all its magical power.
which fly with a rustling sound. They go forth and act as spies for the
shamans in the other worlds. In this way they are often used to find
out which spirits have caused a person to become sick.
akin to elves of Saxon lore Alfar are closely related to the Aesir and
Vanir, the deities of Nordic mythology. They are bound together with
marriage and covenants. http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Elf
Lukh Mas (Yakut) Are
the spirits of large trees. Such spirits of the forests were very
important and were given coins, scarves and ribbons in order to bring
luck and avoid their wrath.
nightmare spirit which may rape men or woman in their sleep.
Aab (Mongolia) A
powerful Gazrinn Ezen of a mountain in the Altai region. Shamans always
pay their respects to him first when they travel to this region.
Protector Spirits (Altain) A
spirit which the shaman called on for help and which would give the
shaman information on what was happening, such as why someone was sick.
They would also give the shaman advice advice on how to deal with
another spirit. Further they would protect the shaman from danger and
when the shaman sent his soul traveling to give the sacrifice to Erlik
the shamans spirit was helped by his helper spirits as well as his
tutelary spirit (Altaian) Each
family had a spirit which helped to protect them and before beginning a
ritual to cure a persons illness the shaman would ask ths spirit for
help. To do this wine would be sprinkled on the image of the spirit and
supernatural beings who almost always appear in groups. Often
considered to be divine biengs whcih are equal to the deities. There
are two types of Alver; the ljósálfar who live in the sky and are
fairer than the sun, and the døkkálfar who live in the earth and are
blacker than pitch.http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Elf
earth godess in Basque mythology. She is a creator deity , creating the
moon, sun, and many plants.
hag which goes from door to door asking for sake and curses any who
speak to her with illness.
(Japan) (Kami) A
spirit in the service of Ushi, the Chinese Shin of the Rain, who causes
it to rain and than plays in the puddles while holding an umbrella and
a paper lantern.
Ame no Wakahiko (Kami) (Japan)
from the Plain of High Heaven in order to pacify the kami and other
beings within the reed plains and than to rule the earth. However like
the Kami before him he didn't return for many years. After eight years
the heavenly kami finally sent a pheasnt down to find him. As it turned
out he had been sudduced by an earthly Kami and so he fired an arrow at
the pheasant to kill it. The arrow passed right through the animal and
landed at the feet of Amaterasu and Takami Masubi. On seeing the arrow
Takami Masubi knew what had happened. Furious he cast the arrow at Ame
No Wakahiko, killing the unfaithful kami.
(Japan) (Kami) A
Japanese version of a Chinese Mountain Shin who appears as a cloud in
the morning and evening, she brings rain to help farmers and others who
ask for rain. While it is raining thus she often stands in the rain
licking the falling water off her hand.
Bars (Buryat) The
tiger whose spirit is prayed to for good hunting.
water spirits similar to the nymphs (and likely come from stories of
these beings). They typically live in Alpine areas. As with nymphs they
are very attractive young women who use their beauty to seduce men, but
at times they may appear as half girls, half reptile or half fish. In
other stories they appear as thin ghostly figures which disappear
before their faces can be seen by anyone approaching them. They
typically in white or bright warm colors (or in rare cases black). In
addition they typically have a none human trait such as the foot of a
chicken, a duck, or goat or they might have scaly legs. or a hollow
back filled with moss. They
are protective of water ways and those fishermen who treat
with respect. And like the nymphs they also were said to have taught
people traditional crafts such as spinning, cheese making, salt, sugar,
glass blowing, or other arts. As
with all such fairies they are also mischievous as well, loving to
watch the results of spreading discord among travelers at night,
especially in woman. Along with this they love gossip and secrets which
they can use to spread such discord. Though despite this playfulness
they are sensitive such that if you insult them they will bring ill
luck so care must be taken when dealing with them.
gift giver, (mentioned in song with little information)
(Japan) (Yokai) A
blue faced spirit which haunts people who have finished telling ghost
humonoid spirit with a single eye who protects the crops from children
by carrying them off.
Tree Man (England) Lives
within the oldest tree in an apple orchard and helps the fruit to ripen
well so that there is a good crop. Often the last apple was left in the
orchard for him, I would speculate that this is because people believe
he resided in the last picked apples the way spirits of the grain
resided in the last cut grain.
patər (Mari-El) A
keremet which was a hero who fought aganst the Taatars. The Mari at his
home town sacrifice a horse in his grove in case of sickness.
spirit of the lower world which cuases illness and misfortune such as
an unsuccessful hunt
Duolai (Yakut) God
of the underworld, his servents are tasked with the collection of
cattle and horses for sacrifices
spirit of water which gets angry if it is defiled. Arzhaan are also
used to purify things, and aid in the banishment of evil spirits.
Iki (Khanty) A
spirit which appears to be a bit like an old man, except that he has
transparent eyes. He lives in a transparent house under the water a
tthe mouth of the Ob River. Here he directs the affairs of the river,
and should people offer him sacrifices he will send lots of fish up the
beautiful water fairy which baths in moonlight, and is so fragile that
if sunlight touches them they turn into water. See:http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Asrai
who are human-like by day but transform into different monstrous forms
to harass and eat humans at night, especially pregnant women. Some
common forms include a bat, a pig or a black dog. Some aswangs can
change form at will, others through the use of foul oils concocted by
evil magicians. Aswangs appear at night to prey upon unwary travellers
or sleeping people. It is said that they have a peculiar liking for
human livers and human fetus. They are said to find their quarry by the
scent of the mother, which to the aswang smells like ripe jackfruit.
Upon finding the house of the pregnant mother, the aswang alights on
the roof from where it stretches its tongue until it is as thin as a
thread and uses it to enter the womb and feast on the fetus.The myth of
the Aswang is popular in the Visayas, especially in provinces such as
Capiz, Antique, and Iloilo.
Gongen (Japan) (Yokai turned Kami) Some
time just after 700 AD when Japan was still wild the capital
of Heiankyo (Kyoto) was being troubled repeatedly by a wild flock of
tengu who lived on Mount Atago. The situation got so bad that Emperor
Manmu sent two of the most famous sages of the day (En No Gyoja and
Taicho) to clear the tengu from the mountains. After
battling the tengu with their powers for some time the two sages
finally encountered the most powerful tengu of the mountain, Tarobo,
and forced him to surrendor. As part of the terms of his surrendor he
became a protector of the mountain and against fire. Thus he protects
homes from buring and children from being burnt. He also became a
protector of the capital of Japan as well. (Read
tales about tengu)
general term for giant Scottish monster
Goggie (England) Possibly
a warning tale to keep children from wondering into orchards alone the
Awd Goggie inhabits Fruit Orchards where it will attack children.
of fertility who provides each new born child with a soul. She was
believed to live on a mountain top in a house with seven stories from
which she controlled the fate of the world.
spirit with a forked tongue who is quick witted. Shamans would ask them
to not disturbe sleeping children or frighten livestock.
which appears as a big eyed old lady washing azuki beans while singing
a song to herself which asks 'Should I wash these beans or eat a
person.” Though usually if person approach her she will flee in fear.
She could be dangerous sat times and seek out to kidnap people.
baiania (Yukat) God
of the forest and happiness.
Karshyt (Altaian) Protective
spirit refered to as Three stepped. He was the son of th Ul'gen. (See
Altaian Protector Spirits)
familiar spirit which is acuired by a male who says the proper
incantations of the newly buried body of a stillborn child. The Bajang
will than possess people whom it's master chooses causing convulsions,
unconsiousness or delerium. In order to protect children from this
sharm metal objects would be placed near the babies.In exchange for
services the bajang's master will often feed it eggs and milk. Should
the bajang's master not treat it well it would turn on him.
which can be shapeshifting vampires and monsters or protectors of
spirit of a straw sandal which grows eyes and limbs and
scurries about the house at night.
Bannik in female form.
spirit of the bathhouse, one of the most sacred spaces in pagan Russia.
good spirit of a woman who stays behind to watch over her family. As
such she begins to wail and cry when a family member is about to die.
ösh (Komi) A
strange creature which has four legs and the torso of a naked human.
They live in the wate, coming out to walk on the beach. Sometimes they
take the form of a small object such as a seed in order to be sollowed
by a swimmer so that he can begin to grow as a fetus inside the person.
Occasionally they may rise up to the persons throat and begin to choke
like creatures which have white fur, a long beard and enormous feet.
They tavel through the mountains by sking with their feet or using them
as snowshoes. In the sumer they live in caves and tunnels and don't
come out until winter time. Because they live so high in the mountains
in winter time people rarely ever see them. Though sometimes they will
aid shepherds in rounding up lost sheep, dig people out of avalanches,
or whistle to warn people of avalanches. They also love to surf on
avalanches with their large feet.
spirit which haunts cities and the countryside in a number of different
powerful prayer tree brings peace and reduces violence by calming
people and giving them peaceful thoughts. The Barisaa could also give
people insperation. Barisaa come into being when shamans perform the
ariulga, a ritual to cleans the tree and people of evil spirits.
giant fire breathing rooster which dwells in thick bamboo groves and
wakes people up at night by making noises in their villages, though the
Basan itself is mostly harmless.
Personification of the wind. They are good nature spirits
appear as nimble humans and float up on breezes.. They often protect
children during a storm. He is attended by funny and somewhat ugly
servents with whom he roams through fields.
hairy giant which dwells in the forest,s where it protects livestock
and tought humans skills such as agriculture and ironworking.
Ahaa or Bayan Hangai (Mongolia) A
spirit who rules over the forest, and so is the one hunters often pray
to for success. Their figures are often carved into the sides of trees,
snowmen are build or from a stick with a human face carved onto it.
People are careful not to throw things into the woods as this might
insult the Bayan Ahaa and cause him to curse the person.
Bayanai (Yakut) Lord
of the forest who has to be appeased in order to hunt.
name for a banshee like being which cries beneath the windows of those
about to die.
fairy which appears as an old Lady and washes the clothes of those
about to die so that they look presentable when they go to Heavan.http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Bean_nighe
Bull and Fish Spirits (Yakut) When
the shaman's figures of sprinkled with reindeer blood these spirits
would become animated and transform into the shaman's helper spirits.
These would than go into the underworld at the command of the shaman.
They would than help him catch the evil spirit responsible for a
monster which haunts mines
y Mamau (Welsh) Name
for Fairies in Wales
of the Shichi Fukujinor seven lucky kami or immortals. Benzaiten is
their only female member. He is the kami of flowing and elequant
things. Thus music, knowledge, poetry and water.
white robed female spirit who oversees weaving and spinning in south
germany. She like Holda often leads the wild hunt as well. She has one
goose or swan foot like many other fairies of that region.
mischievous typically invisible spirit which walks behind people making
the sound of footsteps to creep them out. Though it's also possible
that the Betobetosan is simply following people to use their lanterns
light as someone asked the spirit to pass him, to which the Betobetosan
responded that it was too dark to walk without light, so the man lent
the spirit his lantern which he found by his house the next day.
legendary guardian of an underground vault where it protects hidden
tresures. He emerges from the darkness in order to scare theives.
of the oldest races of beings in the world, and distant relatives of
trolls. They are enormously strong and very fast, and massive in size.
Those who see them often become poets, speaking of their great beauty
and gilded armor. They hate church bells and will often thrown large
rocks to destroy churches. They are not always hostile but they don't
like ljusalfer (light elves), humans, or deities. To these they can be
dangerous. Being knowledgeable of magic they are able to create
illusions that even fool the gods. They represent the wild primeval
powers of chaos and seek to overthrow the gods. Though some of them
have relationships with the gods, including marriage. They can be
mercenaries in order to raise money for the castles in which it lives,
and they love to party, play games and hunt.
spirits who live in family groups or even in large courts in the
mountains. They typically work to make it difficult for miners to
obtain minerals by confusing them. Though they aren't entirely opposed
to human presence as the will often have sexual relations with them.
This, however, was greatly frowned upon by the people of the era. In
1671 a farmhand fell asleep in the woods and awoke to find a woman
dressed in white, she gave him food and drink and than had sex with
him, and for this the man was condemned to death.
Biergfolk, Biergtrold (Denmark) Dwarf
like beings which are able to slip into impossibly
and crevices of hills to seem to vanish or appear
house fairy which specilizes in keeping the cellar clean and in order
and demands some beer in return for this.
sprite that closes the eyes of children at bedtime.
shadow of the kami of wealth, the Poverty Kami, appearing as ragged old
vagrent, Binbogami brings poverty to any house he stays in. He is
attended by the death watch beattle, a black beatle who betrays the
presence of the poverty kami in a house. And once he enters a house it
is very difficult to get rid of him.
Bishamon (Japan) One
of the Shichi Fukujinor, and the patron of great learning and knowledge.
fairy which live in mines and appears as small blue flames. If the
miners treat them well these fairies well lead them to mineral deposits.
Men of Minch (Scotland) Blue
skinned men who live in in the ocean around islands. They
would cause storms and wreck ships but a captain who was good
poetry could keep them at bay.
point are the demons which were said to haunt particular families as
their good or evil genius. The family of Rothiemurchus was said to have
been haunted by Bodach,” “The
Earl of E , a nobleman alike beloved and respected in Scotland, and
whose death was truly felt as a national loss, was playing on the day
of his decease on the links of St. Andrews at the national game of
golf. Suddenly he stopped in the middle of a game, saying, " I
play no longer, there is the Bodach Glas, I have seen it for the third
time ; something fearful is going to befall me." He died that
Bodach would also enter the household through the chimney to torment
an Dun The
name of a death porteint for the family of Eothmarchas
fairy of the farmstead which appeared as an old man and would help with
form of boogie man in the Netherlands ehich can hide under beds or in
basements, they also often have the power to change their shape.
general Name for mischievous fairy creatures. In one fairy tale it
takes the place of the Hedley Kow in the story.
illness causing spirits with slender waist and jagged fangs. They made
people ill in order to eat, believing that it was their right to make
humans sick as they were descended from the child of a noble being.
They were often females daughters of Ilbis. But the shaman could
negotiate with them and convince them to leave if an offering was made
(often the offering had to be provided at sunset and could
include a sacrifice. Such negotiation was actually an negotiation with
each side barginning what the prices should be). At times the shaman
would get the Bokhsuruiuu to return a persons soul through trickery.
personification of natural forces which live in swamps, lakes, rivers,
forests and mountains. Some say they are woman who died in childbirth,
suicide, or who murdered their own children. They can either appear as
ugly old women with sagging breasts and large heads or beautiful young
girls. They often delighted in startling horses and cattle which came
to drink in the pools where they lived. They also destroyed fishing
nets and causted similar mischief) Like other fairies they also would
take children as changlings and could be given offerings to help
control natural events for the better.
mischievous and occasionally dangerous goblin, though at times they can
also be guardian spirits.
bopca could appear as a giant (often nude) with shaggy ears though he
could also appear as a whirlwind, however, he was a shapeshifter and
would often take the form of a cat or other small animals. They
would often steal the catch from unters or attack them, unless the
hunter made offerings to him (such as tobacco), in return for which the
bopca might even tell the hunter where to find game. Thus it was
sometimes thought that the Bopca as a lord of the forest was merely
attacking hunters who did not pay it it's due. He
could lure people into the woods, and cause them to get lost. Sometimes
he would give people riddles which they had to solve to be able to
return home. Other times he simply kidnapped them, often taking
children. Those taken by him aged rapidly, thus a child taken might
return a few years later as an old man. Other times they would kidnap
women to make them his wife. The
Bopca were also in constant war with the vakula water spirits, thus it
was dangerous for people to come out at noon when these two powerful
forces would fight each other.
one and a half foot tall anthropomorphic goblin like creature. They
dress in red clothes, or just a red cap and pointed shoes. Some appear
as children other appear as old with beards. They often sit in trees or
the hay, although they are typically invisible. They live in nut trees
and on occasion buildings. The
buffardello loves to tease people and animals, and spends much of it's
time teasing peoples pets. They also like to bounce and play on peoples
chests while they are asleep which causes the people to feel like they
are suffocating. They may also hold people down and put their hand in
peoples mouths in order to scare them. Additional mischief included
hiding or moving objects, turniff of lights, tearing wall paper,
cutting peoples hair and beards into patches, undoing bundles of cloth.
Further they can be heard scampering around the houses at night,
especially running up and down stairs. In
addition to mischief they often also steal from mankind,
including wine, hay, laundry, milk (including that directly
cows). They may also suck the blood of animals, ultimately killing
them. At times they may also take the beauty of girls. They
have many magical properties associated with them including the power
to control the wind.
Noz (Brittany) Known
as the "Children of the night" or the "shepherd of the night." Bugul
Noz is a horrifying looking goblin which takes the form of a wolf
through the use of a magical pelt which they wear. The Bugul Noz is at
the peak of his power at midnight and travels woodland paths his
horrifying face hidden by a giant hat and a large cloak. As he
approaches people he grows slowly larger so that when they get to him
he is very terrifying. In
other stories he is a werewolf who takes children and hides them in his
hat. As such he has also become a a boogie man figure which
parents would use to scare their children into being good with. They
are driven away by wind.
spirits which cause people to grow ill. Shamans and their helper
spirits would have to chase from those whom they made ill. But buk
could be stubern and it might be difficult to ge thtem to stay away.
spirit which punishes bad children and bad servents.
happy, laughing one eyed giant which lives in the forest. He has large
teeth which allways poke out through his upper lip. In addition he has
two large tusks coming out of the side of his mouth. He is very strong
but is prone to panic and is easily outwitted.
like spirits which live in large communities that resemble those of
humans. They tend to live in the jungle, away from human contact.
though they do sometimes live in humans homes. They can be
troublessome, causing people to get lost or at times kidnap children
from humans. They
will at times build good relationships with humans, at times even
marrying them. Though those who go into their realm may only be their
for a few days but in the human realm decades have passed. http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Orang_bunian
evil spirit which appears as a fire or shooting star like object flying
through the air. They can also take human or bird form with
hair as a women or a long beard as a man or a long beak to peak at and
dry up trees as a bird. The human corpes which the burber comes from is
red faced and does not decay. To kill it people beat the burber with
sticks from an ash tree and then burn it while putting the stone from
the craw of a hen it the burbers mouth so that its soul cannot escape
in the form of a butterfly to cause further evil. Horseshoes
at the threshold protect agains the burber. As
with many folkloric creatures of the countryside it asucks the milk
from cattle and the mill of a cow which has been visited by a burber
contains blood, grin, or some other impurity. To
suck the blood of a human they kiss them and then suck the blood out of
their victems mouths. They also become the lovers of humans and then
cause them so much heartace that they cause the humans to die. In
addition to emotional attacks and blood they also eat eyes and will
attack people from within, entering peoples stomach or the wombs of
pregnant women and animals in order to kill the featis. The
burber will possess humans to get them to do evil, and the human thinks
that they are having a series of nightmares.
Khan (Altaian) Protective
spirit refered to as 'Cloudy eyed.' (See Altain Protective Spirits)
female spirit of a lake to whom people make offerings in return for
protection against dangers while fishing.
powerufl spirit which most shamans can't control but they can be
negotiated with in order to leave people alone when they cause illness.
Aba (water mother) (Mari-El) When
people need rain they gather at the bank of the river and playfully
throw water at eachother and animals especially those of black sheep
and black hens. Then porridge is either offered to the river and then
eaten by all those arround, or in other places a black oxen or sheep is
eaten on the river bank with the uneaten parts being sunk in the river
after the feast. Should
too much rain fall as a resault of thise thse remains are taken out. The
But aba helps to maintain the quality of the water, if the water
becomes muddied or bad tasting people attempt to purify it by offering
Mari bride must be introduced to the but aba of her new home, and so
must be accompanied by someone whom it already knows, where she will
make an offering of a few coins or beads to it in order that it will
protect her from any new illnesses from the strange water. There
are two different beleifs about the büt aba with regards to fishing in
one the the Mari will pour vodka and porridge into the water so that
the büt aba will provide them with an aboundent catch. In the other
however are very caful not to make any disturbance while fishing or
else the offended büt aba will cause them to drown or curse them with
swimming children are warned not to go into the deep parts of the water
or the but aba may pull them down.
Bodəz (water spirit) (Mari-El) A
spirit of rivers and springs which causes a sore on the lips of those
who drink directly from it, and a sore on the penis of those who
urinate in it. He isalso known to cause ulcers
ian udərzə (Mari-El) A
waterspirit that appears as a beautiful girl with white, yellor or
black hair and is either finally dressed or naked. When a human touches
it with iron it cannot escape and can be foresed to marry them. However
if the human reveals the identity of his wife she will die.
and Bwca (Welsh
Bwabach or Boobach is a Welsh house fairy of the brownie arch type.
Much like many other similar fairies he tends to do good deeds for
those who treat him well by giving him cream, don’t try to look at him,
or guess his name. When the Bwabach is mistreated they turn into a a
poltergeist like being known as the bwca and after gaining revenge flee
the house which they came from in search of a new home with people who
will treat them properly. At times however they refuse to leave a place
and so must be exercised.
humanoid beings which are found in small mounds in forests and fields.
They are helpful to shamans and will respond to them by making a
wistling sound. They are very protective nature spirits and will curse
those who harm their land.
Pământului (Romania) Translating
as earth dog, and it lookes similar to this only with it's eyes hidden
under some skin. The Căţelul Pământului acts as the gaurdian of
cemetairies where he is able to slip into the smallest holes in the
earth. At night he comes out and walks through the forests or
investigates the corpses, biting the nose and ears of those who were
not buried according to ancient tradition. His loud bark signals death
or misfortune for those who hear it at night before the cocks crow.
someone dies in the forest they can only go free when they kill another
so they haunt the forest hoping to do this. They have cloaks which make
them invisible and cause humans to get lost so that they may murder
Bazhy (Thvinian) The
name of one of the shaman's helper spirits. Shamans helpers were the
'grim owners of the forest' they were protectors of the shaman when he
battled evil spirits.
No Kami (Japan) A
kami of roadways, paths, and crossroads. Represented by phallic shapped
rocks on the side of the road.
no mori (Japan) The
sacred groves in which kami dwell. These are the groves of trees around
the shrines, with shrines being built in places that Kami dwell. This
means that the chinju no mori is sacred in the way a church is sacred,
not as a kami but as a place in which the kami can dwell.
paper lantern which gains life, a single eye, some limbs and a giant
spirit which appears as a beautiful child dressed in white which brings
luck to old households.
which cause illness, some of them are the spirits of the dead who could
not find their way into the underworld.
jolly, cherful old spirit with a thick black or white hair,
eyes. He spends much of his time singing and dancing and hunting mavok
who have kidnapped people in order to destroy their evil. He can appear
as a whirlwind and his so fast that no shoes can withstand his
is very protective keping lumbejacks and other woodsmen safe from
dangerous spirits and bear attacks. In return they would always leave
him a little of their food. He in turn would often feed this to the
animals as he was one of their protectors as well.
a similar to a falcan or a gray eagle. He was the protector of a
particular shaman as the head of the shamans ancestors.
Peg and Melsh Dick Are
wood-demons supposed to protect soft, unripe nuts from being gathered
by naughty children, the former being wont to beguile her leisure by
smoking a pipe.
Grim (Yorkshire) is
a fixed inhabitant of the church by day and by night, and only '
marauds about ' in dark stormy weather. It has been known to toll the
death- bell at midnight, and at times a priest officiating at a burial
would see it sitting at a window in the church-tower, when e would be
able to tell by the creature's aspect whether the soul of the departed
was saved or lost.
nothing beyond making a noise as of beating on empty cans.
Enshrined (Japan) (Kami) When
a mans cow died as the resault of a fire the man enshrined the cow
in a small shriine of clay tiles. He than prayed to
cow's spirit as a kami, making it offerings of small bundles of grass.
Eventually word spread that the kami was good at curing skin ailments.
This event represents Japan's folk religion, in which nearly any being
can have power and so a relationship must be built with them. It seems
likely (although it's not stated directly) that the man enshrined the
cow because he wanted to avoid having it grow angry at having been
killed in a fire caused by humans. It may also be, however, that the
man was enshrining the cow because it was a good loyal friend.
small super strong monster with five rows of teeth, a single horn,
three eyes and three arms. They can be protected against with oak or
Sidhe (Irish) Yeats
uses this word for fairies in Ireland
species of dwarfish fairies, of somewhat evil nature
Dandy Dogs (Cornish) The
Cornish dogs used for the wild hunt
spirit of a shamans drum which aids him when he send his spirit to the
underworld to convince Erlik to stop making a person sick, or in other
evil black dog who is the emissary of the devil and sucks peoples blood
and often benevolent nature spirits. Although there are numerous and
varied accounts as to what they should look like, a general trend may
be observed in that they are normally human in appearance—beautiful and
seemingly ageless at that—save for some distinct characteristics. This
may take the form of not having a philtrum or having continuously
smooth and supple skin that somehow resemble fingernails, without any
wrinkled parts in the elbows and knees. They also tend to be fairer
than average, as pale skin has been associated with the supernatural
even during pre-colonial times (for example, the "white lady" belief is
prevalent in the East and Southeast Asian regions). The
Diwata can be called upon ritually for positive crop growth, health,
and fortune. However, like most such fairy creatures the Diwata also
caused illness or misfortune if not given proper respect. They are said
to reside in large trees, such as acacia and balete and are the
guardian spirits of nature, casting blessings or curses upon those who
bring benefits or harm to the forests and mountains. They have their
origin in the Hindu Devata, with the term Diwata originating from the
Indonesian Dewata. The
term "diwata" has taken on various levels of meanings it is sometimes
loosely used to refer to a generic type of beings much like "elf" or
"fairy," or very specific ones as mentioned above. It has been noted
that the term "diwata" is synonymous to "anito," and that the usage of
the word "diwata" is more prevalent in the Southern Philippines, while
"anito" takes its place in the Northern areas.
ghost of a female pickpocket who has her long arms and hands covered
with birds eyes which allow her to continue to pick peoples pockets
slavic spirit of the west wind which is associated with love and
evil dragon which caused the soul of a mirror which appeared as a
beautiful woman to appear at the bottom of a well so that people would
jump in to save her allowing him to kill them.
god of the hearth and protector of a family, a brownie like fairy.
spirits which were in essence the personfication of fate. They were in
charge of providing happiness and success to people. They would follow
a man from birth to death. Though most of the time they couldn't be
seen they would sometimes appear in the guise of a human (male
female), cat, mouse, dog. They would hound those who made bad choices
such as those who were careless and wasteful.
like the Russian Domovoi they are spirits which live under the
threshold or stove and are responsible for maintaining order within the
house. He would warn people of danger such as by pulling the hair of
woman who had abusive husbands to warn them. THey would also moan and
weep if a family member was about to die. When he strumed a comb their
would be a wedding in the future. They liked to see old shoes hanging
in the yard and in addition to gifts of food they also liked gifts of
homemaking god or spirit which is responsible for helping the family of
a household, though they can be mischevious and troublesome at times.
They appear as an old man or a boy with goat legs whcih reas red pants,
a horned hat. They live under the stove. Scholars such as S. Plachynda
believe the the Domovyk was purely a positive being before Christianity
worked to turn it into a goblin like creature. There
are some stories which tell how a person got a Domovyk by putting a
tiny egg under their arm for ten days (with the Domovyk hatching on the
tenth day) This spirit than serves the person faithfully. Under
Christianity it became a dangerous creature which caused damage to the
Oie (Manx) A
fairy which looks like an old man and lives in sea side caves. He warns
away those who approach his cave by causing them to sprain their ankle
or hurt themselves in some other way. Despite his desire to be alone he
can be useful and warns of coming storms.
ghost of a hardworking farmer who's lazy son allowed the farm to fall
into ruin after he died. Unable to stand the site of his farm in ruits
the man will emerge from the ground an wail hiss sorrow on moonlit
tutelary kami of boarder reagions which protects villagers from illness
and evil spirits. In addition they protect travelers on the road. They
are represented by large stones, poles along the roadway, or stones
carved into the form of male or female genitals. Given is local
gaurdian nature and the fact that the stones which they inhabited were
often elongaged Dososhin is often believed to be a deity of fertility
as well. In modern times they have been prayed to for traffic safety. http://ja.wikipedia.org/wiki/%E9%81%93%E7%A5%96%E7%A5%9E
Shin (Japan) (Kami) Kami
of an extended family. In many parts of Japan families would organize
themselves into small groups of houses (branch houses) and a larger
main house. The Dozoku Shin was the primary kami of each of these house
holds. So as with all kami this meant his nature could vary depending
on what the family worshiped.
creatures which can provide good fortune or bad. They live in a number
of places including houses, trees, or in termite like mounds. Though
most of peoples encounters with them obviously occur in the home and in
some ways they could be conssidered a form of house spirit. Whether
they are good or mischevious depends on the home owners treatment of
them. Thus people would leave food on the floor so that the duwende
would not be angry with them. As a joke they might take and hide
peoples things but will usually return them if asked politely.
spirits which live under rocks and within cliffs. They represent the
still living forces of the eaths interior. Born from the worms which
feasted on Ymir's flesh they are small ugly men with long noses, and
are the color of the earth. Some Dvärgar have names which suggest they
may have once been the spirits of ancestors. They
can make themselves invisible through a magical hat or a magical cloak.
They are masters of crafting such amazing objects, often making
incredibly beautiful halls. They have a superior skill at the forge
having made Odin's Spear, Thor's Hammer, and Frey's ship. They hate
traveling by boat, liking to keep their feet on solid ground. They
can be very hostile to people and deities as they are easily enraged,
being tough and durable, hard as stone they dislike elves who they see
spirits who were summoned in séance which was usually held at the
beginning of night and before daybreak. They were sent out to search
for the causes of illness, and were used to aid the shaman in fighting
Badger (Tuvan) Reffered
to as 'the bald' One of the helper spirits used by the shaman to search
for the causes of illness
Bear (Tuvan) Refered
to as 'the hornless. One of the helper spirits used by the shaman to
search for the causes of illness.
Moosa (Tuvan) A
shamans helper spirit which in one case at least takes the form of a
Moth (Tuvan) One
of the helper spirits used by the shaman to search for the causes of
illness. In one of the recorded seances the moth was sent to the place
the soul was to help the shaman negotiat with the evil spirits for the
return of the soul.
Raven (Tuvan) The
first spirit consultated by a shaman whose ritual was recorded. Ravens
were a death portent, it's cry near a sick person meant the person
would die soon. This was because the Raven was so well intune with the
spirit world. Shamans would often ask ravens for help, to protect
themselves and others from death. In one case the shaman speaks of his
raven eeren as flying swiftly, with inscriptions and oraments on their
wings and tails. They help search for causes of illness and trouble for
looking huminoid bird like creatures with bills who haunt the nights
searching for victims. They search for sleeping pregnant woman. When
one is found they extend their long proboscis into the womb and drain
the baby of it's blood.
dauther of the earth, the sun, she is the protector of humanity against
mischievous fairy which lives in bogs and uses light to lure travlers
Elves which fit the more modern idea of fairies, they are wispy,
ethreal, beautiful little creatures which eat toadstools and fairy
butter (a fungus found in the roots of old trees). Yet in many stories
they also appear a bit more like pixies.
of the sky. These are the strongest of all the spirits.
spirit of the smoke rising up from the hearth.
male diwata which resides in the sea. It is customary for Filipino
fishermen to offer meat and other delicacies to the enkanto by throwing
them into the sea, after a day's bountiful catch.
Enokke (Danish) A
water sprite which appears as an old man with a large beard, a green
hat and green teeth.
ruler of the evil spirits to whom the people would make an offering
when there was sickness in hopes that he would have his spirits lift
the illness. To appease him they would sacrifice an animal, often a
horse. The Shaman's soul would than travel into the underworld with the
help of his Spirit Protectors to give the gift to Erlik.
Snows (Thvinian) During
the ritual to cure illness the shaman would greet major spirits and ask
them for aid. This is one of those spirits.
spirits (Kumandin) Were
appeased through animal sacrifice and sprinkling with a form of beer in
order to get the iurgen-chula (soul) of a person back. They would offer
seven or nine cups of beer to Erlik in order to get a soul back.
Spirits (Yakuts) Dangerous
spirits of illness might hide in the dirt so yurts are swept clean
before such spirits are cast out of a sick person. They were addressed
as the eight legged tribe of evil spirits. When casting them out of a
person the shaman would warn them what was happeing and ask them not to
be angry about it.
spirit of the lake which appears as a man.
Suffolk the fairies are called farisees. A butcher near Woodbridge went
to a farmer's to buy a calf, and finding, as he expressed it, that "the
cratur was all o' a muck," he desired the farmer to hang a flint by a
string in the crib, so as to be just clear of the calf's head.
"Becaze," said he, "the calf is rid every night by the farisees, and
the stone will brush them off."
Pădurii (Romania) 'The
forest girl,' A beautiful spirit of the forest which tries to lure men
into the woods with her. If one refuses her advances she may at times
tell them "Stay than, do not know what you are missing." After this she
often turns them into flowers. If a man does not please her she may
turn them into a tree. Other times she might actually attack and rape
young men in the forest.
name for fairies which control human fate
giant forest spirits siad to be as tall as trees, they do
best to lead travelers astray appearing as flashing lights much like
the will o’ the wisp. He causes illness to befall people, and sicks
toothaches on people the way one might a dog. He is said to cause of a
lot of ill deeds when a knife slips and cuts someone using it
fairy who was banished from the fairy court for falling in love with a
Manx must have adopted the English word " fairies " for use in the
singular number, and ferrishyn is at the least a double plural.
Darrig (Irish) A
fairy with a read hat who may visit people's homes at night (Read the
Two Fairy Tales)
Chlis (Scotland) Roughly
translated as the nimble ones, the Fir Chlis are the Northern lights
which were reputed to be fairies dancing in the sky.
highly venerated spirit which could bring fortune and luck to a family,
he brought happiness and saftey to children, and kept live stock
growing. Each hearth had a different animal devoted to it, and spirit
of the fire of that hearth was often described in that way. Though they
were normally helpful fire spirits could also make people ill if they
shaman started his ritual by making an offering of araka to the fire
which would bring this offering to the spirit of the sky.
fairies who act as a form of family deities. They tend to dress in
colorful clothing, they are playfully mischievious though the required
that everything being kept in clean, tidy order.
trickster figureswho are very agile, elusive and able to fly and become
invisible. They live in burrows in the woods, especially near conifers.
Or at times they can live in human homes, backyards, and
They almost ever only come out at night to have fun and tease the
animals in the stables, mess up their hair of women, and create clutter
among the farm tools and in the house. Although they are tiny normally
they can change their hight, sometimes their shape, and so forth.
original wooden fans used by Miko (priestess oracles) which came to
life in the form of dragon headed monsters with only a single toe on
each foot and wooden fan like fins. The Furo ougi seek to destroy all
the paper fans which eventually replaced them.
spirits of wicked step mothers who let their step children starve to
death and so were possessed by the spirits of those children. The
child's ghost manifests as a mouth on the back of the woman's head
which constantly demands to be fed and if it is not it uses the woman's
hair as tenticles to snatch up her food. In
one folktale it was said that a woman so afflicted was believed by
people to never eat so a miser sought her out as his wife so that he
wouldn't have to spend money to feed her. But the spirit which had
possessed her devoured more food than any human would. In other tales
they seem to form communities in the mountains from which they come
down to seek relationships with men in order to feed the incredibly
hungry spirit which has possessed them.
ghost of a wicked man which appears huge and bloated with a tiny mouth.
Cursed with an undending hungerfor filthy unclean things such as the
bodies of the dead. They freeze when exposed to the sun and burn with
heat when the moonlight shines on them.
Begger (Somerset) Another
headless spirit which haunts the countryside
giant toad which hides under houses in order train their life with its
that wonder the countryside and try to woo milk-maidens.
forest being which ruled over predatory animals. He was also pastoral
deity similar to the satyr, to which people would offer the testicles
of livestock while burning them on a stone and asking Ganiklis to keep
his wolves and other predators at bay.
Mod (Mongolia) A
powerful tree spirit which is known because it stands alone.
spirit of the farm and home who helped farmers gain good fortune. He
was often believed to be the spirit of the first man to grow up on the
farm. He was typically an older man with a white beard, gray clothes
and a hat. Although they were helpful they were also peevish, having a
serious temper and would retaliate if the animals were neglected or if
people failed to treat him with respect. Above all else he felt it was
his duty to watch over the farm animals, helping keep them safe and
helping them to thrive. As payment for his work he expected
porridge with a bit of butter. When given new clothes he
consider himself too fine to work and so would stop.
spirit o the night who doesn't let people do certain things outside at
night. His presence is felt in a gust of wind though sometimes he
appears as a cow or a monster.
Ezen (Mongolia) Spirits
of a place including mountains, water, rocks, villages, buildings,
nations, trees, etc. Many of them were once the souls of humans who
went to reside in nature on the persons death. For many of these it has
been so long since they were human they don't remmember having ever
been so. Piles of rocks and sticks called oboo or ovoo are
up, those travleing through the Gazriin Ezen's territory would pay
their respects by adding another rock to this pile. At times they would
even make an offering of milk products, alchohal, or other items.
Ezen Mountain (Mongolia) Powerful
spirits to whom special ceremonies are often held. The mountain spirit
may send wolves to get horses or other herd animals or may take the
form of wolves as people say that the mountain spirit has taken an
animal when a wolf gets it.
Khan (Mongolia) An
ancestral spirit for Mongolia who protects the nation and marriage.
(Japan) (Kami) A
priest who meditated for nearly his whole life and than became a dragon
which lives in a pond and grants requests for those who bring him
offerings of rice.
hag somewhat akin to Black Annis only controls the winds and causes
Gentry (Irish) A
name for the fairies which is used to avoid offending them.
Dhu (Scotland) A
guardian of trees (especially birch trees) he is a wild and often shy
fairy who is kind to and aids children. Said to be dark haired, he is
described as clothed in leaves and moss. In lore, this solitary spirit
is said to reside primarily near Gairloch and Loch a Druing
to be a beautiful woman she hides goat legs under long flowing dresses
and seeks to drain the blood from males in some legends. In others she
is a guardian spirit, so she is likely very internally duelistic.http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Glaistig
some reports a brownie creature in others a water fairy.
small fairy which appears like a child, but only shows themselves at
night. They like to play pranks on solitary wonderers though they
rarely do anything serious. On occasion they will live in a human house
which they will protect and aid.
which take the form of young boys and protect priests and hermits who
have achieved a more enlightened state. In one story (lots of stories) In
medieval Japan it was said that until the age of seven one did not
fully belong to the world it
was not until boys reached fiften and girls reached thirteen that they
became adults, up until than they wer close to kami and the
spirit world so spirits often took the form of children.
Eej (Mongolia) The
spirit of the fire who was believed to be the daughter of the Father of
Wife (Scotland) The
Gooseberry-wife in the guise of a large furry caterpillar, takes charge
of the green gooseberries, e.g. If ye goos out in the gearden, the
gooseberry-wife'll be sure to ketch ye.
death portent which appears as a young horse running on its hind legs.
fairies so exquisitely beautiful that men can fall instantly in love
often a female brownie type spirit such as one which lived in Skipness
Castle where it did odd jobs for the maids. There are also males, and a
number of other tales about them.
creature of the mines and mountains who can appear as a hag, an old
man, or an animal in order to scare people away from deposits of ore.
Though she could also appear as an elegant lady dressed in
gray. Sometimes she actually helped miners as well warning them of
accidents that were about to happen.
dievas (Lithuanian) Sort
of like a guardian angel which hovered around people keeping them safe.
Each person would offer their Gulbių dievas occasional sacrifices with
woman often offering chickens.
old thin witch covered in a black cloak. Her hands and feet are gnarled
bird legs and her face is yellow, rough, and covered in hairy warts.
Her small eyes however glow like stars. She has a sharp knows and a
single large black tooth which extends below her chin and which she can
use to suck peoples blood dry. She only comes out and night, and even
than she remains in the shadows. She is a silent hunter able to sneak
into homes where it drains children, leaving them nearly dead. It often
attacks the old or even adults as well.
fox skin wearing fairy boy who was banished from fairyland.
an evil cow whose appearance was formerly believed in as a sign of death
Queen of Fairies.... , in Fife superstitious females are
to spin off all the flax that is on their rocks, on the last night of
the year ; being persuaded that if they left any unspun, the
Gyrc-Carlin, or as they also pronounce the word the Gy-carlin, would
carry it off before morning. In some ways this makes her similar to
fairy spirit or guardian of a place such as a glen of trees, water, the
grave yard, villages, and homesteads. There are also Haltija’s which
guards humans, following them around to keep them safe.
spirit of the builder of a house who remains to guard the home he
built. They could however be transferred from one home to a
one through the fire. The Haltia oversaw peoples activities in the
building, making certain they remained moral – punishing over drinking,
can also be the spirits of mountains and other places as attested to by
the treasure hunters song in which states “a
treasure-seeker exclaims: 'Kinsmen of Hiisi, now arise! awake, thou
mountain haltia!” or that of an individual person “A hunter sadly
complains that with other men luck does the work, their haltia fetches
them coin, but his luck, his haltia, lies confused under a stone with
gloves on his hands,”
Air (Malaysia) Spirits
which live in large rivers or lakes which most often appear as a
floating log. They tend to be dangerous as they could drown people and
cause floods. To avoid this people give them offerings and honor them
at a ceremony.http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Hantu_Air
Bidai (Malaysian) A
spirit which lives in water and will change its form in order to drown
Bukit (Malaysia) Spirits
which roam the ills and tease the faint of heart.
Galah (Malasyia) A
very tall spirit, so tall that at times it can seep the clouds. They
live deep in the forest where only its legs are visable. They only come
out at night at which point they often snatch people up.
Keramat (Malaysia) The
spirit of a place which is usually associated with large rocks, large
trees, or the crossroads. They give good luck to those who provide them
with offerings such as eggs.
Kopek (Malaysia) A
large breasted old spirit which will kidnap and hide children under her
breats if they are out at dusk or late evening.
Kubur (Malaysia) A
spirit which roams the grave yards and spreads disease among the living.
like beings which scamper over moss and fell and are not exhausted by
climbing steep precipices
Jadian (Malaysia) People
who are able to turn into tigers thorugh the assistance of spirits.
Often this is is done for self defense.
female spirits who make fun of passing young men by laughing at them.
She is not entirly playful, however, for if the young man should dare
to return her laugh she will attack him with her hair which becomes
long rithing tenticles tipped in barbs.
Mannerchen (German) Elvish
followers of Holda who are unique in that they are males who act as
fates, endowing people with magical gifts, a job normally reserved for
water sprite which aids sailors and keeps water ways safe. They also
have children with human women from time to time.
hound with pointed ears, those who encountered them knew that someone
they knew was about to dye. Their bark also warned people of coming
spirits, who appear in the furious host in the retinue of former gods,
and continue to lead a life of their own.
(also known as Heinezlmann, Polterkater and Katermann) (German) Also
known as the boot cat, they were a domestic fairy which lived in
cellars or in trees next to someones house. They bring good luck to a
household so care must be taken of the tree in which they reside or
else luck will leave with them. They can't abide chopping or spinning
on Thursday evenings. In addition to being lucky they help to keep
stables and kitches safe, and aide in the choirs in those areas.
called because they were supposed to henk or limp when they danced,
Henkie knowes are the knolls round which these trolls or fairies used
to gambol at night ; also called the Hill Folk
Mountain (Tuvan) Source
of water asked to help heal people, protect villages, and more.
Hi (Japan) (Kami / Yokai) A
silvered haired monkey whose hide was so tough that even guns can't
penetrate it. Although some Hi Hi live in the wild others act as cruel
kami, being worshiped by a people but demanding sacrifices of girls
whom they devour. In one such tale a hunter falls in love with a girl
selected to be that years sacrifice and so climbs into the box she is
to be delivered to the Hi Hi in with his dogs. When the Hi Hi opens the
box he has his dogs hold the giant beast while he choped at its neck
until he begins to sever it. Meanwhile the Hi Hi possessed the priests
outside the temple and has them come iin and beg the hunter for the Hi
Hi's life. At last the hunter concents to spare the Hi Hi but only if
the creature promises never to hurt another human again. In
a similar tale the Hi Hi is actually killed and it's body enshrined on
Kannon Mountain. However
if someone could manage to drink his blodd they would be able to see
invisable spirits. One man did this by getting the Hi Hi drunk and than
killing it. http://ja.wikipedia.org/wiki/%E7%8B%92%E3%80%85 (In
something similar to hill and or mountain which is similar in many ways
to a holy place. The hiisi are the Tutelary spirits are the spirits of
awe inspiring natural features which most often involve rough terrain
such as hills, giant boulders, deep crevasses, etc. As with many forest
divinities the hissi is asked to chae animals to the hunters. The
hiisi’s horse was said to be the sound that the trees of the forest
made as the wind rushed through them. Christianity
reduced Hissi to being much like small ugly twisted trolls which
traveled in noisy processions, stole from humans, caused illness and
did all the other bad things which happened which required an opposing
dualistic force. Of course this is not to say the Hiisi didn’t do some
these things originally, its hard to say how dualistic he was as many
creatures in Uralic mythology seem to be both creative and distructive. In
one song to the Hiisi at least they are invoked to keep away evil. “O
Hiisi, come from Hiitola, thou humpback! from the home of gods to cast
out that which needs must be cast out and cause the monster's death..”
Punk (Scottish) A
one legged creature which carries a lantern in order to lure travelers
of the dead which appear as glowing balls and may at times lead people
astray in the wilderness.
mecheivious spirit which loves to play pranks on people and to jump out
and frighten them or to use childish insults on them. As one would
expect he appears as a ten year old monk though he only has one eye, a
fact which he is very self concous about for if he encounters a bamboo
basket he will run away in shame, thinking that the gaps in these
baskets are multiple eyes which mock his single one. Unfortunatly in
addition to causing mischief he also brings illness to those places he
goes so such protections are important.
a kind house fairy which can cure illness
name for the Will o the Wisp
fairies which are chased of by a barking dog. (English Folk Tale)
spirit of an ancient tree which appears as a black dog with the face of
Unmeaning abjeration supposed to have reference to fairies
fairies which hid in the mist, but would warn fishermen of coming
- Sacred (Tuvan) The
spirit of a horse which could make people ill. In order to pacify it
the shaman would decorate a horse in red ribbons, burn juniper incense,
and wash it with arzhaan (holy water) They would ask the horse to no
longer be angery with his master and to guard the family. Horses are
powerful spirits which cancause cause their owner to grow ill by biting
their bridle. Still
despite their ability to cause illness horse spirits are typically
good, their spirits transport shamans through the various spirit
worlds, allowing them to cure the sick.
spirit which spread small pox by appearing in peoples dreams as an old
man in a straw boat. People tried to stop him from doing this by
placing his image at the edge of the village.
giant ten foot tall red faced hag who causes small pox in order to eat
the bodies of those who've died of the dieses by digging up their
corpses. It is difficult to stop her, however, because she can fly so
fast that her flight causes a gust of wind capable of knocking even
strong men prone
mountain fairy which appears as an old man, his voice could be heard in
the winter lamenting the coming tempests which gave people warning of
and Siilikki (Finland) (name
means hedgehog) Matron of the wasps.
being which knows about every type of spirit, kami, yokai, or other
supernatural being. Likely an ancient deity from China the Hukataku's
very image can protect people and places from evil influances and
illness. They appear as a bull with six horns on it's head and a human
face on each side and each flank and each of these faces has three or
Hulder (Norway) A
supernatural female being which live underground in the forests. They
are young beautiful woman who act as sort of wood or forest nymphs. She
can at times have lynx ears, or be hollow in the back like an old tree
spirit which appears as a many eyed bird with no mouth. The hyakume
protects shrines from theifs by sending out their eyes to embed
themselves into the thief, marking them as such forever after.
which dwell in the land, especially in mountains, but which can also
dwell within stones, trees and other places. Such spirits are either
divine or ancestral, however they are not like deities of western
beleif. In the Sundanese , Javanese , and Balinese ancient, invisible
forces of nature and ancestral spirits is identified as "hyang". This
ancestral spirits inhabit high places, such as mountains and hills.
These places are sanctified and glorified as the soul of ancestors
bridge between the two worlds—between humans and jinn—is being broken,"
Mr. Yulianto said. "I can help the spirits accept what is happening."
Quote from a Shaman in the Wall
midwife in noreway who helps a fairy woman give birth to a child and is
asked to put ointment in the new born fairies eyes. When she does so
she accidently gets some in her eyes. When this is discovered he eye is
ville jeger (Norway) Known
as the Wild Hunter, In one of his tales some loggers, located by the
fire in the woods at night, you see a barefoot girl with flowing hair
running for their lives just past them. After going two large black
dogs neck to the groove her. After a while they heard a shot and then
there was silence. Later, they see a great big man with coal-black
beard in the light of the fire. He has two dogs in leash and a big
muskedunder on his shoulder. On his back hangs girl like another shot
hare with his legs bound together and threaded into the stock pipe.
kind fairy which would find lost children in the fens and help them
find their way home again. Very protective the hyter sprites would also
scold those who mistreated children.
irailduk (Even) Evil
spirit of the lower world which causes illness and misfortune such as
an unsuccessful hunt To
defeat spirits of illness the shaman would often split them into two
parts and place them inside carvings of birds which would fly them up
to heaven so they couldn't return.
spirit of living beings including rivers, rocks, lakes, trees, natural
forces, and even objects created by humans.
moon, also the daughter of the earth.
Cosânzeana (Romania) A
beautiful nature fairy, considered to be the most beautiful among
fairies she works to defeat evil forces.
seductive fairies who live in the skies, forests, mountains, caves but
will often decend to bath near the crossroads.http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Iele
spirit of thunder and lightning which was asked by the shaman to take
argi from a person (Argi are disease causing spirits).
(Japan) (Kami) A
kami which is the spirit of a female bear which people pray to in order
to drive away snakes.
(Japan) (Kami) A
dog familiar created by a form a witch, the inugami is created by
putting food just outside a starving dogs reach. When the dog despretly
tries to reach the food its head is cut off, making a predatory spirit
which is used to attack people and protect oneself against attack. The
owner of an inugami can command the spirit to possess people, but such
power comes with a price for the inugami is often difficult to control
and may seek vengeance on the person who tormented and killed it. In
addition to the occasional individual who enshrined such dog kami
therewere also families who did so. These were known as Inu Kami Suji
(Dog Kami Family). Inugami could make a family rich by stealing for
them and getting rid of compeditors. This meant that such families were
greatly feared for it was believed that they would send their dog kami
out to possess and harm others, and people would place a needle in
their cloths in order to prevent this. The
families who worshiped inugami would honor them, giving them food
offerings. As with most things relating to shamanism in Japan the
family line of spirits was passed down to females, thus when a girl
married inugami would follow her to her new home. After this new
inugami would be born each time she had children (the exact number
varies from story to story).
yokai which appears as a flying long strip of white cloth. It drops
down on people and winds around them, crushing them until they
suffocate to death.
of a location such as a mountain, rock, river, tree, etc.
giant harry cave dwelling monster with four bird like legs and the face
of a human, it can change its shape and will at times seek to date
human woman. Though it is a cruel creature that will likely eventually
flay their skin from their faces.
In Irons is
a supernatural being of great stature, wearing clanking chains, who may
at any moment spring out on a passer-by in the dark.
o the bowl (Swiss) A
helpful house fairy which would be rewarded with bowls of fresh cream.
O Lantern The
Spirits of wicked people who died they use glimmering lights to lead
travelers into bogs and moors. In order to protect oneself from them is
to put one's cap inside out and avoid pointing at them. For they will
attack those who point at them. He can be helpful as he will light the
way of those who request it but being internally duelistic in nature he
can turn back to his misleading nature at any time.
which come from the souls of still born children.
goddess of the grain barn she was a household fairy type figure who
protected barns and food storage.
of Biggersdale A
dangerous spirit which haunts the woodlands of North Riding Yorkshire.
One night a drunk brash young man made a bet that he could rouse her
from the woods. So he rode up to Mulgrave Wood and called for her to
Coming” She called in anger and chased him nearly to the river where
she cut his horse in two, but luckly for him he was thrown clear across
the water and so was safe as she could not cross after.
Kanta Ot (Khanty) Invisible
evil spirits that some times appear as a skeleton. They kidnap people's
souls and take these to the underground world of the dead. If a man
felt morning sickness, aching bones, and similar pains in the morning
it was the resault of this spirit trying to take their soul. However
the Jec Kanta Ot had to flee when the dawn came so it couldn't always
finish it's work.
Tanah (Malaysia) Forest
spirits, they are said to grow directly from the forest itself. They
terroize those who damage their forest. Though they can be pacified if
provided with food or through chanting a mantra. For this reason people
would always make offerings and have ceremonies before cutting down
more of the jungle.
spirit which obeys I;s master if it is properly cared for but which
begins to suck the blood of family members if it isn't cared for.
Kuguza (Mari-El) (old
man or old women of the lake) The
spirit of the lake which can be offended by making the lake impure
(throwing dead animals in it, putting feces in it, etc). If offended
the lake can cause illness or even take the entire lake somewhere else.
Lithuanian female spirit of the grain fields, she was offered bred and
cheese in return for a good harvest. Believed to reside in the last bit
of uncut rye so that during the harvest woman would leave a few small
patches of grain uncut for her to reside in. These would later be
braided and offerings of bread and salt left under them when the
harvest was finished.
tall man who is flat as aboard, with mouth and eyes that are too big
for his face. It was believed that he took unattended children.
Squarefoot (Manx) Jimmy
Squarefoot " was a cross between a human being and a tusked boar who
haunted the hillward parts of Malew and Arbory, and whose footprints
were found where he had shown himself.
Tanah (Malaysia) Spirits
of the land who act as protectors of a region. Those entering a new
land usually offered it eggs, grilled chicken, glutinous rice, and
similar dishes in order to avoid having it attack them.
name for owl, for it was believed that the purpose of owls was to
destroy dangerous spirits that humans could not see. The owls could
also come to people as a messanger or change form into that of a human
in order to marry one.
yokai which appears as an old woman in an abandoned temple causing
people to kill themselves by cutting themselves open with their knives
or swords. She tried to do this to one man who only had a fan and so he
was unsuccessful at killing himself.
the Wad (Cornish) A
type of Will o the Wisp
spider which can take the form of a beautiful woman, she often lives in
wilderness areas and seeks to kill men by snagging them with
web or by tricking them with illusions. In one case she pretended to be
holding a human child that turned out to be nothing more than a stone
Kuguza (Mari-El Beats
on trees and the walls of houses to keep people awake as he calls for
children to come put to play. It freezes people to death, pinces their
feaet and noses, hits people over the head with a wooden mallet. Hates
the singing of drunk people and attacks them. They
sow up the door on cold nights.
Os (Thvinian) A
spirit refered to as 'at the mouth of.' Shamans helpers were the 'grim
owners of the forest' they were protectors of the shaman when he
battled evil spirits
blood sucking, one legged forest spirits which look like a monkey with
a mouth like a fly.
spirit who lives in pairs and brings good fortune.
sake jar which comes to life, and gains the ability to produce an
endless amount of sake while also growing hairy legs and arms.
Yasunaga (Japan) (Kami) A
Kami of a river. She lived which lived in pool under a
and would bring rain when asked. She was driven away by a giant crab
before a wood cutter accidently killed the crab by dropping his axe
into the pool of water.
' o-Thunder (Siberian) A
powerful being whose brother was injured in a battle and so must stay
with him. But as long as he stays the tempreture remains hot and the
rivers dry up. In order to deal with this situation the shaman cured
Kadiu's brother so they would return home and it would start raining
Kappa (Japan) Water
spirits which are usually dangerous but which can also be helpful.
Kara (Altaian) Protective
spirit refered to as three horned was the owner of the territory of the
belonging to Utkuchi on which the shamans spirit returns to earth when
he sends his spirit into the heavens.
the lovely fairy type girl who helps to herd cattle.
wood spirit (most likely a form of Scrat) which haunts the Fichtelberg
and is used to frighten children (If you don't clean your room the
Katzenveit will get you). He is rough and hairy looking, wears a red
cap as most fairies do and loves to frolic in the cellars and kitchen.
fairy type beings who wore greed, blue or red clothes which were often
depicted as being rags. They often lived or visited barns ans granaries
in the dim light of evening, clouding days, or moonlight where they
would often help with the harvest and the growing of plants. They were
honored ins pring festivals where people would where horns or animal
heads and mustaches and beards made with rooster feathers, wool, fur
and so on. The
Kaukas could also live underground, in hills, and forests much like
fairy like beings throughout Europe.
spirit which enjoys scaring children. She often appeared as a tall girl
dressed in blue with long braids and blue eyes. She would cook
dumplings and evite people to eat with hear. She would also appear in
the form of the husband of a woman who's husband had gone missing.
Though she was usually found out during meals for she had the teeth of
a horse and the feet of a cow.
spirit which lives in a hut deep in the forest and controls wolves.
They were dangerous but would let those go who could guess a riddle. In
one story he turned someone he kidnapped into a sheep.
as a nearly eight foot tall hairy man who smokes a big ganja pipe and
wears a belt which allows them to become invisable to humans. The Kapre
can befriend people, though they often would play pranks on them,
typically by causing travelers to loose their way in the mountains or
forests. They could cause people to become confused even in familiar
surroundings. Thus people affected by the Kapre might forget that they
are in their own yard or fields. As
nature spirits they can cause the trees to rustle, smoke to rise from a
tree. They also cause abundant fireflies in forests (which come from
the sparks of their pipe). Often those tricked by the kapre will hear
laughter but see no source for it.
otters with magical powers, they could create illusions, appear to be
somewhere they were not, and change shape. They were usually believed
to be dangerous and would at times steal men's testicles or kill people.
spirit which renders assistance to the shaman and might posses him in
order to ask questions of the shamans audience. Usually summoned after
the ritual of purification. They had a tail and would catch bad spirits
and escort them away from the ritual place.
guardian of roadways to whom white chickens were sacrificed. He was at
times said to reside in stones alongside the road.
water fairy which can appear as a large horse which will try to lure
people (especially children and woman) onto his back so that he may run
into the lake or river and drown them. They may also appear as handsome
young men or woman.
horrible smelling red haired kappa like creature which lives in banyan
trees. It uses its long arms and legs to snag octopus, fish and crabs
from the water below its tree.
forest spirit which leads people astray at night with the help of
illusions which make the world seem different from the way it really
is. They can also change shapand in one story it came to a man who was
in the bath hose as a wife and lead him outside making him think that
the ground was covered in snow and the path was in a different location
then it was so the man wandered far off into the forest before
relalizing what had happened.
primary fairy like beings of the Mari-El People
Buura (Altaian) Protective
spirit refered to as being 'of the milky lake.'
beings that are about the same size as a toddler, they have golden
teeth and long hair that reaches their backwards facing feet.They live
within trees and bushes. Even though it is a wilderness spirit it
cleans the area around its tree, sweeping constantly. They live in
clusters and love to sing. Though not out right evil they do often
steal food from people, especially yams. Though it gives magical gifts
to humans who befriend it.
child sized fairy like beings that live in banyon trees and often
travel along the beach where they play pranks. When they climb up onto
a persons chest they are able to make it so that the person is unable
to move, though they bring luck to those who befriend them.http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Kijimuna
who are very popular in Japanese folk tales as trickster figures.
with the Candlestick (Engliish) Another
name for Will o the Wisp
Deer (Tuvan) A
mountain range to which the shaman would appeal to for success in a
hunt by sprinkling holy water and offering blue ribbon. They would also
ask that those who did not appeal to the mountain range not be able to
steal from it. In legend hunters killed so many animals in this
mountain range that their blood became a river.
Albys (Thvinian) Spirit
of the Taiga covered mountans which were invoked during shaman rituals.
They would be summuned to come and play on on the shaman. They would be
asked to blow in from everywhere and soar with the whirlwind.
Masquin (Yakut) A
fire spirit who was the first blacksmith and the inventor of iron. He
lives in an iron house surrounded by flames. He is also a healer spirit
which cures broken bones and tempers the souls of shamans.
Vaak (Netherlands) An
elf that would poot people to sleep by throwing grains of sand on them.
of still born babies who were buried under the threshold of a house
became household spirits which often took the form of a soaking wet
chicken, a duck, goose, magpie, crow, cat or even a human. They were
generally helpful to their family and house but often stole from the
neighbors. (Those stillborns not buried under the threshold became evil
spirits called Poroniec)
from the last grain harvested which was made into a hare. The spirit
inside this was good and could be brought into the barn to spend the
winter before being brought back out in the spring.
name for the spirit of the corn which was honored in order to insure a
house fairy which appears as a black cat, they tend to steal money and
supplies from the neighbors for the people in their household.
personification of fertility. They were spirits depicted in spring
like beings which have beautiful hair and bright red eyes with which
they can bewitch people. Or they can be small black and hairy, wearing
flat hats and velvet ribbons. The girls can sometimes wear purple caps.
Pierre Dubois described them as one horned dwarfs with goats feet and
iron claws shaped like a cat. They haunt caves, the fountains and moors. Often
attributed to fairy reings, which form from their circle dancing at
Grotto (German) Caves
which lead to the dwarves homes wher they live underground in
magnificent chambers, where they forge weapons and all manner of
wonderous items. They will also capture heroes and men and bring them
down, occasionally loading them up with treasure as gifts or keeping
them forever. Dietrich Von Bern for example was fetched away by such a
mythological character of the seasons, she is the embodiment of spring
and fertility used in fertility rituals for fields. Often a young girl
was dressed in a long white dress, with oak leaves in her hands. Other
times a greed dress was used. Other times scarecrow figures were
errected to represent the Kostrama.
spirits which would settle into a house. They would move objects and
make noise at night. Sometimes these noises were so loud and
troublesome that the Kreacher would drive the people out.
deer (Even) Protective
spirits of reindeer with divine marks such as those who were white or
piebald and only those with a ball of hair on their necks. This ball
could bring luck to those who cut it off and formed it into a small
rope. If someone is sick or hurt the shaman brings the Kud'ai to help
heal the person. Should
a kud'ai die people wouldn't touch it. Shamans might also transfer
illness to the kudai. Reindeer
were a gift from the Hovki, the god of the sun and so are animals fo
Kudə bodəz (Mari-El)
(Also known as little hut spirit) The
family deity which inhabits the holy corner of the hut which is often
divided from the rest of the hut and where dried twigs are placed for
it and at times little wooden figurines. They appear to family members
in dreamsin order to provide them with information and aid. Sacrifices
of cereal and the blood of a black sheep, hen or hare are made to it
and are placed on a shelf in the holy corner. Such sacrifices are often
made when a person has neglected this spirit causing them to become ill. Kuntilanak
the ghost of a pregnat woman who died while giving birth. She appears
as a beautiful woman with long flowing hair, wearing a long white
shirt. They travel into villages to drain people of their blood. They
can be kept away from children by putting sharp pieces of metal near
where the baby sleeps. Further they can be killed by putting nails in a
hole in the back of their neck.
patroness of foxes who was asked to bring them to the hunters traps.
soul of a person which might be taken by an evil spirit making the
person ill. The kut was often imagined to be a bird and was asked to
flutter and fly back to the person who was sick.
spirit which lived underwater except at Christmas when it would come
out. It was very dangerous and would drag people into the water with
it, so people sayed in to avoid it.
lake and stream, forest and swamp, even the flowers and trees are
living beings with intelligent souls or so went the philosophy of the
ancient Finns. These spirits often known as haltia (a term meaning
governor or steward) acts rules over some aspect of nature such as the
back woods, or the mountains. Prayers to the haltia were extreamly
common as people saught their help in protecting the cattle, finding
the treasures which were buried underground, successfully hunting for
game and more. In
addition to being the spirit of the forest every persona has their own
wizard in working himself into an ecstasy invokes his haltia to rise
from its hole, from under a fallen tree, or stone, or moss, or wherever
it may be, and mentions its brilliant eyes and spotted cheek, as if he
had a snake in his mind's eye. The technical term for being in an
ecstasy (olla haltiossansa l. haltioisansa) means literally 'to be in
one's haltia or among one's haltia,' in other words, 'to be in the
spirit or among the spirits.' From the above examples we see that the
heavens, the earth, the forest, the mountain, and individual men, have
each their spirit, ruler, or guardian. Such an idea goes back to the
who would detatch their heads form their bodies and send them flying
out to drain the blood of babies.
shaman's main helper spirit which dwells within a copper mirror.
spirits which haunt the mountains often thought to be the ghosts of
virgins who died young.
of polish fields
water dragon which terrorizes the land around Lambton hall until a
knight slays it (Read Scotish Fairy Tale)
bearded white deer, most often seen with one bright eye which wears a
tall black hat. It is a protector of the other animals of the forest
and will try to lure hunters to shoot at it rather than the other
animals. If it gets shot it turns into a powerful dwarf like creature
and attacks the hunter.
Lupa (Philippines) Little
people who live in the earth. They consider themselves the true owners
of the land and so demand offerings from people before people plant or
havest. Such offerings include the blood of a red rooster. If this
isn't done it will cause a blight on peoples crops.
ghost of a woman who died during the fourty days of uncleanness or
while givng birth to a stillborn child. The mothers grief in this
causes her spirit to come back as a beautiful woman dressed
green, with long nails and ankle length hair. They can also take the
form of a long taloned owl. They tend to live off of fish and so haunt
the coast. They are jealous of pregnant woman and so will often attack
these. One can tame them by cutting her nails and stuffing he hair into
the hole at the back of her neck.
of aborted (or later unbaptized) children who appeared as black birds.
They caused small amounts of wind and whirls in the air. Originally
they were not harmful to people but under Christianity they became
devils who had sexual contact with people.
dvasios (Lithuania) Sprits
of the field who could appear as nude woman, Kiškis (hare), Meška
(bear), Lapė (fox), Katinas (tomcat), Bubis, Bubas, Bubė, Baubas,
Babaužis, Bobas, Maumas (bugaboo), Raudongalvis (red-headed),
Raudongerklis (red-throated), Žaliaakis (green-eyed), Paplėštakis,
Guda, Dizikas, Smauglys (boa), Ruginis (spirit of rye), Papiokė,
Pypalas, Žebris, Arklys (horse), Vilkas (wolf).
dvasios (Lithuania) Sprits
of the field who could appear as nude woman, Kiškis (hare), Meška
(bear), Lapė (fox), Katinas (tomcat), Bubis, Bubas, Bubė, Baubas,
Babaužis, Bobas, Maumas (bugaboo), Raudongalvis (red-headed),
Raudongerklis (red-throated), Žaliaakis (green-eyed), Paplėštakis,
Guda, Dizikas, Smauglys (boa), Ruginis (spirit of rye), Papiokė,
Pypalas, Žebris, Arklys (horse), Vilkas (wolf).
people who cause mischief such as riding animals (dogs, sheep, etc)
until they are exhasted. They also tie the hair of animals and people
into knots. Though oddly enough they have a sense of fair play,
protecting the poor (especially farmers) from their bosses, etc. They
are every intelegent. Being
internally duelistic they both steal from people but also help people
to find money. They have huge stashes of treasure and so often a farmer
or boy will catch them and try to force them to tell the farmer where
it is, but the Lauru almost always outsmarts the human in the end.
Though if you can manage to steal the Lauru's hat yor scarf you'll
Lawrence (English) A
fairy of the orchard who curses those who steal from the orchard to get
cramps and pains.
the Water Leaper in English the Llamhigyn Y Dwr is described
giant frog with a bat's wings instead of forelegs, a long tail and
stinger instead of hindlegs It
haunts fishermen breaking their fishing lines and while leap out of the
water to eat them or livestock.
old hag which needed a crutch. She would lure children into her forest
cabin and then keep them by force.
spiteful but not evil this fairy loves to tell dirty jokes, jump on
stomachs of sleeping people and so forth. They may also provide people
with luck, however, such as by providing them with winning lottery
fairy who makes shoes for the fairy court and hides pots of gold which
it receives as payment.
forest king, he controls animals and throws wild parties which uproot
zhëny (Komi) (Forest
Wife) Was a werewolf like being which would marry hunters, living with
them in their hunting hut but they were unable to cross water.
which during the day appear to be ordinary humans. At night however
they use postions to change their shape into tigers, monkies, pigs, or
other animals. They can also send their head flying out to suck the
blood of babies which are still in the womb.
shaggy old forest spirit which coudl appear naked or dressed in brown
and a cap of marten fur. They could appear normal size or as tall as a
tree, with hairy hands and feet. In
one tale he appeared as a little old man with a green beard. They were
shape changers however and so could appear as a moss covered tree, an
animal, a drunk man, a fungus, or anything else. It can also appear as
fiery serpent and attack people in this form. They
are often considered to be dangerous beings which knock people over in
the forest, or at times kills them. He
likes peace and quite in his forest and thus hates people who whistle
at night or do other loud things in the forest. Though he himself is a
mischievious creature. In order to escape him him one needs to
turn their shirts inside out and wear their shes on the wrong foot. Still
it could also be helpful, it would provide people with knowledge of the
future, help to find lost cows. Further hey protect the forest animals
acting as a hereder of the wild. It was also believed that if you
offered him rye flour or eggs at forest cross roads he would help to
keep wild animals from eating your farm animals as well.
water fairy that loves the arts of music and weaving and gets furious
with anyone who makes mistakes at these.
spirit of water and sky, they are believed to be a mediator between
worlds (the spirits of the water and heavens). For this reason shamans
will often immitate the sounds of the loon during a séance.
for Alder tree which was magical tree with a strong spirit. Weapons
made from it could kill sorcerers such that they couldn't come back to
(Great Britain) A
form of house fairy.
spirit who's name can be translated roughly to meadow. They appear as a
little green ban with a shirt made out of grass. They are a
spirit who helps people to harvest but when angered can also hinder
their ability by making the grain tougher to cut. They hate laziness
and will attack those who fall asleep in the field.
charge of snow white animals such as ermine
mentioned once in the songs that I have found; "From
waters of witches hast thou come, from the lilies on a landlocked lake,
from a water-Hiisi's hole, from the sea's black mud, a thousand fathoms
lunantishees are the tribes that guard the blackthorn trees or sloes;
they let you cut no stick on the eleventh of November (the original
November Day), or on the eleventh of May (the original May Day). If at
such a time you cut a blackthorn, some misfortune will come to you.
embodiement of sorrow, grief, injustice, and so forth. They are often
portrayed as a one eyed giant old woman. They live in big houses in the
middle of the forest, or in abandoned windmills. Instead of beds they
sleep on piles of bones from those they have eaten.
malicious spirit which causes whirlpools, blizzrds, and wind which
scattered the hay in the fields. Tabacco was believed to drive it away.
spirits who will curse mortals who hurt the trees.
forest spirits who protect animals and will give good luck to people
who leave them offerings at the base of their trees.
(Great Britain) Human
girls have the unique ability to calm and capture many creatures such
as the Afnac, unicorn, etc. It is likely that this is a remnant of
Shamanistic traditions of the past. For the Indo-European's often and
woman as oracles. Further there is some evidence of a relationship
between the early Celts and the Altaic People's who have female shamans. http://zeluna.net/english-fairytales-thestarsinthesky.html-
A fairy tale which likely has some roots in vision quests. http://zeluna.net/english-fairytales-childerowland.html- A
girl who sets out to free her love from fairy land..
or Incubus figure which rapes sleeping figures and devours
witch who sends spirits to possess people they don't like. The
mambabarangs aren't a creature so much as they are ordinary people who
have learned black magic. They will often torture and kill civtims by
sending insects to infest their bodies. To do this they steal a strand
of hair from their chosen victim and tie it to the bugs or worms whch
they use much like a voodoo doll would be used.
spirits which plauged pregnant woman and kidnapped newborn children,
replacing the child with slow witted children. It was believed that
they were women who died in childbirth or during pregnancy. They were
portrayed as hairy old woman or as half woman half animal. A red ribben
or red cap could protect children from them.
flying monster which hunts for babies and fetuses which it uses it's
long tongue to snatch from houses. The name Manananggl can also be a
witch who sends her upper torso out hunting at night. This torso is
able to fly. As with the other manananggal she uses a long tongue to
suck babies and fetuses out of woman. However she is a beautiful
creature who will seduce men in order to lure them away so that she may
devour them as well. She tends to eat the heart, liver, and stomach,
rather than the meet. Sunlight is very dangerous to her so if she can't
find the lower half of her body by dawn she will die. Salt, ash and
garlic can be placed on this lower half to prevent her from combinding
yokai which appear as balls of hair and lurk in boxes where money is
stored. They bit the fingers of anyone who tries to remove money from
the boxes they inhabit.
are female wood spirits who use song and dance to lure boys into the
woods, where they may chop off their heads.
Mou- (English) A
spirit akin to the Killmoulis, whereas it is " the girl with the hairy
left-hand " which haunts Tulloch Gorms, and gives warning of a death in
the Grant family
are old men with a sturdy build which dress in red, with a turquise
jacket and a large hat. He is vindictive against those who
trust. In one tale a girl trampled over his path, angering him so that
he breathed in her face causing her to forget her previous life. He
than brought her back to serve him, teaching her how to make butter and
cheese while promising to teach her how to make wax. Before this could
happen a hunter recoginized her and brought her home, they tried to
revive her memory but failed until at last an old lady gave her milk
form a white goat at which point her memories returned. She was the one
who taught her people how to make butter and cheese.
Moulach (Scotland) A
female house fairy who turned evil.
Evil Forest Spirit
Dick (Britain) A
guardian of nut trees.
forest fairy which appears as a tiny man. They love to riddle, struggle
for dominance, etc.
of the forest and one of the primary creators of the sacred bears she
is at various times the wife or daughter in law of Tapio. She
is asked at various times to help with haunts or to protect cattle
grazing in the forest or those who are seeking to gather mushrooms and
heals animals through healing, or by treating baby chicks which have
fallen from their nests and occasionally she’ll train a human in her
to be the spirits of children who died before they were baptized they
are handsome with a gentle character (They also wear a red cap like
most fairies). They usually appear to children with whom they spend a
lot of time playing. They often play childish pranks on adults such as
tickling thier feet, pulling off their covers, or sitting on them while
they sleep. They tie the hair of animals into knots. They
will whisper sweet words into the ears of beautiful girls and lick or
pinch their cheeks. They
can vanish at will by clapping their hands in order to return
to their home in a cave ful of treasure.
spirits of sylphic beauty which live in underwater gardens and
buildings of gold and crystal. They cause flooding which destorys crops
and villages. AN may also drown people. They are eternally young sirins,
form of vampire which is born from the union of to strigoi (another
from of vampire).
Folk, Wood Folk, Forest Folk, Wild Folk Small
in stature though somewhat larger than elves, gray colored beings are
often hairy and clothed in moss. They act as Wood Wives. They helped
out at a mill but were scared away when one of the workers offered them
mysterious benevolent character who is the symbol of wisdom and
Žeminyke (Lithuanian) The
spirit of the good harvest. If a good harvest is desired one should
sprinkle bread crumbs in the fields and pray to Mother Žeminyke to make
the grain grow.
(Spainish Celtic) Supernatural
beings which were forced to take refuge under they earth where they
gather a great treasure. They rearely leave their dwellings except to
form of house fairy, they often aid people in a house bringing them
luck or money. They also blow in the ears of sleepers to wake them when
danger is coming. They can be problematic however for they like to
touch beautiful women in their invisable state. You can get them to be
beneficial with food, in return for their gifts. Though they will curse
any who reveal that they live in a house. They tend ot come out at
night to give people the treasures. Its unknown if these treasures come
from the Munaciello themselves or if they are stolen from other people.
half man half ram man who has horns on his head, an upper body of a man
and legs of a ram. He wears a green suit and lives in the eastern part
of the Catabrian Mountain. They act as they lord of the forest and are
bitter enemies against loggers and hunters.
spirit of unbaptiized children or a child left to die in the forest.
They chase lone wonderes, jumping on their back and demanding to be
carried to the graveyard so they can rest on hollowed ground. But their
weight grows as they near the graveyard until they crush the person
carrying them or get enraged and kill a person should they be unable to
complete the task.
to the Nacken of Scandinavia this spirit resides in murky pools of
water and rivers, especially in dark places such as under bridges or
docks. They pull people into the water to drown. The
Nakki has many appearances in mythology, as an ugly fishermen which can
change into a beautiful three breasted women. A fish, a horse, or some
other animal. Or as a handsome man which is ugly on their back.
Kwak (Thai) A
spirit which appears as as a beautiful woman who typically wears a red
dress. She is a household spirit, a bringer of luck who helps to bring
money to a household and or business.http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Nang_Kwak
Button- cap of
whom the children sing :The
moon shines bright, The stars give light, And little Nanny Button-capWill
come to-morrow night.