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An expanding encyclopedia to inspire writers, artists, and those interested in learning about the folk religions of the world. Learn About This

Gain an in depth understanding of the beings in the list.
What Are Fairies    Humans Relations to Fairies     Deities Relation to Fairies   

Types of fairies - House Fairies     Tree Fairies     Water Fairies      Wind, Sun, Moon Fairies      Mountain Fairies       Gods of the Past     Human Afterlife      Humans Become Fairies       Animal Spirits    Their Own Beings    Common Fairy Traits - Mutable     Shy     Immortal    Lovers of Beauty    Quirky     Extream Emotions     Always Ancient but Never Mature    Internally Duelistic

Fairies by Region -  Siberia and Mongolia      Celtic Fairies    Germanic Fairies   Southeast Asian Fairies
Scandinavian Fairies      Serbian Fairies         Spain        Ugric Lands

Full Fairy List

Abaasy or Abaahy (Yakuts)
Evil spirits which might take on many forms. In one tale in which the abaasy is killing the calfs of a village it appears as a boy wearing a calf skin vest who climbs up on the calfs causing the animal to grow ill. The shaman sneaks up on and grabs this abaasy by the hair causing it to vanish forever. They can also be one eyed, one armed, one legged evil spirits which come from the lower level of the universe (reffered to as the underworld or the kingdom of darkness). They which ride on two headed, two legged, two tailed dragons. The Abaahy are at times the dead of the long time deceased who dwelled near graves and deserted places. They would travel around causing destruction. They served Arson Doulai the ruler of the dead who would swallow peoples souls and gives the living diseases. They could be appeased with blood sacrifices.

Abumikuchi (Yokai) (Japan)
A tsukumo-gami which is the stirrup of a soldier who had an arrow shot through his leg and into his stirrup. This in turn imbues the stirrup with life making this a good first Japanese being to discuss, for one of the most interesting things about Japan is the fact that many things can be imbued with life and personality. One of the more interesting creatures in Japanese folklore are ancient bowls which help bys become master theifs. (have an article on the tsukumo-gami linked to this)

 (Yokai) (Japan)
Spirits which appear as infants and who can into fireballs by drinking the oil from lanterns

Aeoina Kamuy (Kamui) (Ainu)
The Kamuy of the heavens who came from the heavens and taught the Ainu people the domestic arts. He is responsible for teaching weaving to the Ainu women and carving to the men. He is credited with teaching techniques of fishing, hunting, gathering, architecture, medicine, and religious ritual, and is associated with law and singing. More than just a domestic Kamui, however, he also was a warrior and a hero of the Ainu people who fought many battles to protect them. Depicted as being ringed in smoke with flames surrounding him, he wears a coat of elm bark fiber and carries a flaming sword as with many such heroic type beings he battles and slays a personification of famine with his spear of mugwort
There are a number of myths of Ae-oine Kamuy's origin, arising from different Ainu tribes. He is said to be the son of, variously, the elm tree, thunder, or the sun.
In addition to his role as teacher and warrior he is also a creator, creating deer, schools of fish and having his sandals turn into squrrials.
Eventually, however, he lef the Ainu in disapointment at their decline. As with many such myths the kamiu in the heavens send him back because he reeks of humans forcing him to leave some of his clothes on earth to return.

Adern Y Corph (Welsh Fairy)
A death portent in the form of a bird which sings outside the door of a person who’s going to die. 

Aengus (Irish)
“men call me the Young. I am the sunlight in the heart, the moonlight in the mind; I am the light at the end of every dream, the voice for ever calling to come away; I am desire beyond joy or tears. Come with me, come with me: I will make you immortal; for my palace opens into the Gardens of the Sun” 
Extracted from “Fairy Faith in the Celtic Lands” by Wentz
One of the Tuatha De Danann who became an important part of the folk religions of Ireland and who's home appears to have been one of the places fairies lived.

Afanc (Welsh)
There are a number of different tales of the Afanc which either describe it as a water demon or a creature that looks like a mix between crocodile and beaver. In all cases, however, it was a dangerous creature which would prey on those who went into its lake and it's stories had female shaman figures who helped people defeat it.

Aghoy (Philippines)
Appearing as beautiful humans they are forest dwellers. They come out of the forests at night to cause mild mischief such as moving things around or occasionally taking food. They are friendly, however, and will guide people to things which the person has lost. Further they will provide humasn with plants with medical properties.

Agnuuriin ongon (Mongolia)
An Ongon which helps with hunting. (See Ongon)

Aillan Mac Midhna (Irish)
A Tuatha De Danann Musician who would come out on Samain Day and lull people to sleep with his music before breathing fire to burn up Tara.

Aine (Irish)
A Fairy Goddess and a member of the Tuatha De Dannan.

Ainsel (England)
A Fairy Girl in Northern England,

Ai Toyon (Yakut)
The god of light which is usually depicted as an eagle perched atop the world tree.

Ajarai Buhe (Mongolia)
The spirit of the Lena River. Shamans and people would make offerings to her and envoke her for blessings and protection.

Ajatar (Finland)
Female spirit of the forest which can appear as a dragon or a giant snake. She is the mother of disease and serpents whom she suckles and any looking upon her becoming ill.

Ajisukitakahikone no kami (Kami) (Japan)
A tutelary kami of the Kamo province. The Nihon Shoki mentions him ascending him to heaven to visit his deceased friend Ame-Waka-Hiko, whom he resembled very much. The family of the deceased confused him with the dead person whereupon he got angry for being mistaken for something so polluted as a corpse and destroyed the mortuary house which fell to earth and became the mountain Moyama. He is depicted as a baby who is carried up and down a ladder to get him to sleep. The sound of the thunder is a resault of him being pulled up and down this ladder.

Aj Kaltas (Khanty)
A spirit which protects pregnant woman.

Akajita (Japan)
A large black cloud with the face of a dog which has a long red tongue which grows angry at villages who create irrigation systems of those that prevent other villages from getting enough water.

Akaname (Yokai) (Kami)
A goblin with a frog like face, long black hair, and sharp claws which appears in unkept bathrooms and licks unclean surfaces with it's long tongue. '

Akarinashi (Yokai) (Japan)
A soba cart pushed by some invisible force which would bring bad luck to those who tried to order from it.

Akelarre (Basque)
Witches http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Akelarre_(witchcraft)

Spirit deity of various plants such as turnips, cabbage, flax and peas. 

Akka (Finland)
A female spirit often mentioned in song prayers in peoples request for help. Among other things she helps women to successfully carry their child and give birth.

Albasta (Mari-El)
The spirit of the bathhouse, a shape changer it may appear as a man or as a women or as an animal, yet it travels in the form of a shooting star sending of sparks. They have a strong relation to the forest spirits living in the swamps and ravines and at times are said to be the same beings. They often attempt to have sexual relations with humans and their kiss is the cause of cold sores. Yet at the same time they punish sexual impurity in women and men by killing or sickening them. 
Its power is conanted the little finger of its left hand which if broken causes it to loose all its magical power.

Albys (Tuvan)
Spirits which fly with a rustling sound. They go forth and act as spies for the shamans in the other worlds. In this way they are often used to find out which spirits have caused a person to become sick.

Alfar (Nordic)
Somewhat akin to elves of Saxon lore Alfar are closely related to the Aesir and Vanir, the deities of Nordic mythology. They are bound together with marriage and covenants. 

Al Lukh Mas (Yakut)
Are the spirits of large trees. Such spirits of the forests were very important and were given coins, scarves and ribbons in order to bring luck and avoid their wrath.

Alkonost (Russian)
Birds with the heads  of women.

Aloja (Spain)
Female water fairies which can turn into black birds.http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Aloja_(mythology)

Alp (German)
A nightmare spirit which may rape men or woman in their sleep.

Altai Aab (Mongolia)
A powerful Gazrinn Ezen of a mountain in the Altai region. Shamans always pay their respects to him first when they travel to this region.

Altain Protector Spirits (Altain)
A spirit which the shaman called on for help and which would give the shaman information on what was happening, such as why someone was sick. They would also give the shaman advice advice on how to deal with another spirit. Further they would protect the shaman from danger and when the shaman sent his soul traveling to give the sacrifice to Erlik the shamans spirit was helped by his helper spirits as well as his ancestor spirits.

Altain tutelary spirit (Altaian)
Each family had a spirit which helped to protect them and before beginning a ritual to cure a persons illness the shaman would ask ths spirit for help. To do this wine would be sprinkled on the image of the spirit and prayers said.

Alver (Sweden)
Beautiful supernatural beings who almost always appear in groups. Often considered to be divine biengs whcih are equal to the deities. There are two types of Alver; the lj�s�lfar who live in the sky and are fairer than the sun, and the d�kk�lfar who live in the earth and are blacker than pitch. http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Elf

Amalur (Basque)
An earth godess in Basque mythology. She is a creator deity , creating the moon, sun, and many plants. 

Ama No Uzume (Kami) (Japan)
Kami of the Dawn http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Ame-no-Uzume-no-Mikoto

Amaterasu Omikami (Kami) (Japan)
Kami of the sun and ancestor of the Emperor of Japanhttp://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Amaterasu

Amazakebaba (Japan) (Yokai)
A hag which goes from door to door asking for sake and curses any who speak to her with illness. 

Amefurikozo (Japan) (Kami)
A spirit in the service of Ushi, the Chinese Shin of the Rain, who causes it to rain and than plays in the puddles while holding an umbrella and a paper lantern.

Ame no Wakahiko (Kami) (Japan)

Sent from the Plain of High Heaven in order to pacify the kami and other beings within the reed plains and than to rule the earth. However like the Kami before him he didn't return for many years. After eight years the heavenly kami finally sent a pheasnt down to find him. As it turned out he had been sudduced by an earthly Kami and so he fired an arrow at the pheasant to kill it. The arrow passed right through the animal and landed at the feet of Amaterasu and Takami Masubi. On seeing the arrow Takami Masubi knew what had happened. Furious he cast the arrow at Ame No Wakahiko, killing the unfaithful kami.

Ameonna (Japan) (Kami)
A Japanese version of a Chinese Mountain Shin who appears as a cloud in the morning and evening, she brings rain to help farmers and others who ask for rain. While it is raining thus she often stands in the rain licking the falling water off her hand.

Anda Bars (Buryat)
The tiger whose spirit is prayed to for good hunting.

Anguana (Italy)
Female water spirits similar to the nymphs (and likely come from stories of these beings). They typically live in Alpine areas. As with nymphs they are very attractive young women who use their beauty to seduce men, but at times they may appear as half girls, half reptile or half fish. In other stories they appear as thin ghostly figures which disappear before their faces can be seen by anyone approaching them. They typically in white or bright warm colors (or in rare cases black). In addition they typically have a none human trait such as the foot of a chicken, a duck, or goat or they might have scaly legs. or a hollow back filled with moss. 
They  are protective of water ways and those fishermen who treat them with respect. And like the nymphs they also were said to have taught people traditional crafts such as spinning, cheese making, salt, sugar, glass blowing, or other arts. 
As with all such fairies they are also mischievous as well, loving to watch the results of spreading discord among travelers at night, especially in woman. Along with this they love gossip and secrets which they can use to spread such discord. Though despite this playfulness they are sensitive such that if you insult them they will bring ill luck so care must be taken when dealing with them. 

Anjana (Spain)
A female fairy creature which foils evil beings. They live in the forest and rest on sides of banks where they can speak with the water. They also often  help injured animals and plants.http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Anjana_(Cantabrian_mythology)

Annikki (Finland)
The gift giver, (mentioned in song with little information)

Aoandon (Japan) (Yokai)
A blue faced spirit which haunts people who have finished telling ghost stories.

Aoboxo (Japan) 
A humonoid spirit with a single eye who protects the crops from children by carrying them off.

Apple Tree Man (England)
Lives within the oldest tree in an apple orchard and helps the fruit to ripen well so that there is a good crop. Often the last apple was left in the orchard for him, I would speculate that this is because people believe he resided in the last picked apples the way spirits of the grain resided in the last cut grain.

Aren patər (Mari-El)
A keremet which was a hero who fought aganst the Taatars. The Mari at his home town sacrifice a horse in his grove  in case of sickness.

Arinkolduk (Even)
Evil spirit of the lower world which cuases illness and misfortune such as an unsuccessful hunt 

Armee Furieuse (Swiss)
The wild hunt http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Wild_Hunt

Arsan Duolai (Yakut)
God of the underworld, his servents are tasked with the collection of cattle and horses for sacrifices

Arzhaan (Tuvan)
The spirit of water which gets angry if it is defiled. Arzhaan are also used to purify things, and aid in the banishment of evil spirits.

As Iki (Khanty)
A spirit which appears to be a bit like an old man, except that he has transparent eyes. He lives in a transparent house under the water a tthe mouth of the Ob River. Here he directs the affairs of the river, and should people offer him sacrifices he will send lots of fish up the river.

Askefrue (German)
Tree Fairies

Asrai (England)
A beautiful water fairy which baths in moonlight, and is so fragile that if sunlight touches them they turn into water. See: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Asrai

Aswang (Philippines)
Shapeshifters who are human-like by day but transform into different monstrous forms to harass and eat humans at night, especially pregnant women. Some common forms include a bat, a pig or a black dog. Some aswangs can change form at will, others through the use of foul oils concocted by evil magicians. Aswangs appear at night to prey upon unwary travellers or sleeping people. It is said that they have a peculiar liking for human livers and human fetus. They are said to find their quarry by the scent of the mother, which to the aswang smells like ripe jackfruit. Upon finding the house of the pregnant mother, the aswang alights on the roof from where it stretches its tongue until it is as thin as a thread and uses it to enter the womb and feast on the fetus.The myth of the Aswang is popular in the Visayas, especially in provinces such as Capiz, Antique, and Iloilo. 

Atago Gongen (Japan) (Yokai turned Kami)
Some time just after 700 AD when Japan was still wild the capital city of Heiankyo (Kyoto) was being troubled repeatedly by a wild flock of tengu who lived on Mount Atago. The situation got so bad that Emperor Manmu sent two of the most famous sages of the day (En No Gyoja and Taicho) to clear the tengu from the mountains.
After battling the tengu with their powers for some time the two sages finally encountered the most powerful tengu of the mountain, Tarobo, and forced him to surrendor. As part of the terms of his surrendor he became a protector of the mountain and against fire. Thus he protects homes from buring and children from being burnt. He also became a protector of the capital of Japan as well. (Read tales about tengu)

Athach (Scotland)
A general term for giant Scottish monster

Attorcroppe (Saxon)
Snake Man http://www.monstropedia.org/index.php?title=Attorcroppe

Aughisky (Irish)
A dangerous water creature which appears as a horse.

Aitvaras (Lithuania)
Able to be a house hold fairy which took the form of a rooster or a dragon.

Awd Goggie (England)
Possibly a warning tale to keep children from wondering into orchards alone the Awd Goggie inhabits Fruit Orchards where it will attack children. 

Ayysyt (Yakut)
Goddess of fertility who provides each new born child with a soul. She was believed to live on a mountain top in a house with seven stories from which she controlled the fate of the world. 

Aza (Thvinian)
A spirit with a forked tongue who is quick witted. Shamans would ask them to not disturbe sleeping children or frighten livestock.

Azukiarui (Japan)
A which appears as a big eyed old lady washing azuki beans while singing a song to herself which asks 'Should I wash these beans or eat a person.” Though usually if person approach her she will flee in fear. She could be dangerous sat times and seek out to kidnap people.

Baba Dochia (Romania)
An old woman who acts as the bringer of spring when she goes out with her heard of sheep or goats. http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Baba_Dochia

Baba Yaga (Russia)
A powerful  Russian witch  which may be a remnant of Russia's fairy faith as being related to the wind or the moon.

A form of boogie man who wears a hooded heavy black cloak which hides his face.

B�ckah�st (Sweden)
A water horse which would lure people to ride on it at which point it would run into the water to drown them. It could be stopped by throwing a piece of steel in its way.

Bagiennik (Russia)
A water monster which secreats hot oily liquid from its body.

Bai baiania (Yukat)
God of the forest and happiness.

Bai Karshyt (Altaian)
Protective spirit refered to as Three stepped. He was the son of th Ul'gen. (See Altaian Protector Spirits)

Bajang (Malaysia)
A familiar spirit which is acuired by a male who says the proper incantations of the newly buried body of a stillborn child. The Bajang will than possess people whom it's master chooses causing convulsions, unconsiousness or delerium. In order to protect children from this sharm metal objects would be placed near the babies.In exchange for services the bajang's master will often feed it eggs and milk. Should the bajang's master not treat it well it would turn on him.

Bakeneko (Japan)
Cats which can be shapeshifting vampires and monsters or protectors of people.

Bakezori (Japan)
The spirit of a straw sandal which grows  eyes and limbs and scurries about the house at night.

Banniha (Slavic)
A Bannik in female form.

Bannik (Russia)
The spirit of the bathhouse, one of the most sacred spaces in pagan Russia.

Banshee (Irish)
The good spirit of a woman who stays behind to watch over her family. As such she begins to wail and cry when a family member is about to die.

Baobhan Sith (Scotland)
A beautiful women in a green dress who lives in the wilderness using their beauty to seduce victims who they devour. http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Baobhan_sith

Ba �sh (Komi)
A strange creature which has four legs and the torso of a naked human. They live in the wate, coming out to walk on the beach. Sometimes they take the form of a small object such as a seed in order to be sollowed by a swimmer so that he can begin to grow as a fetus inside the person. Occasionally they may rise up to the persons throat and begin to choke them.

Barbegazi (Austria)
Dwarf like creatures which have white fur, a long beard and enormous feet. They tavel through the mountains by sking with their feet or using them as snowshoes. In the sumer they live in caves and tunnels and don't come out until winter time. Because they live so high in the mountains in winter time people rarely ever see them. Though sometimes they will aid shepherds in rounding up lost sheep, dig people out of avalanches, or whistle to warn people of avalanches. They also love to surf on avalanches with their large feet.

Barguest (England)
A spirit which haunts cities and the countryside in a number of different terrifying forms.

Barisaa (Mongolia)
A powerful prayer tree brings peace and reduces violence by calming people and giving them peaceful thoughts. The Barisaa could also give people insperation. Barisaa come into being when shamans perform the ariulga, a ritual to cleans the tree and people of evil spirits.

Basan (Japan)
A giant fire breathing rooster which dwells in thick bamboo groves and wakes people up at night by making noises in their villages, though the Basan itself is mostly harmless.

Basadone (Italy)
The Personification of the wind. They are good nature spirits which appear as nimble humans and float up on breezes.. They often protect children during a storm. He is attended by funny and somewhat ugly servents with whom he roams through fields.

Basajaun (Basque)
A hairy giant which dwells in the forest,s where it protects livestock and tought humans skills such as agriculture and ironworking.

Bauchan (Scotland)
A form of hairy house fairy

Bayan Ahaa or Bayan Hangai (Mongolia)
A spirit who rules over the forest, and so is the one hunters often pray to for success. Their figures are often carved into the sides of trees, snowmen are build or from a stick with a human face carved onto it. People are careful not to throw things into the woods as this might insult the Bayan Ahaa and cause him to curse the person.

Bayanai (Yakut)
Lord of the forest who has to be appeased in order to hunt.

Bazaloshtsh (German)
Germanic name for a banshee like being which cries beneath the windows of those about to die.

Bean-nighe (Scotland)
A fairy which appears as an old Lady and washes the clothes of those about to die so that they look presentable when they go to Heavan. http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Bean_nighe

Bear, Bull and Fish Spirits (Yakut)
When the shaman's figures of sprinkled with reindeer blood these spirits would become animated and transform into the shaman's helper spirits. These would than go into the underworld at the command of the shaman. They would than help him catch the evil spirit responsible for a persons illness.

Beithir (Scotland)
A monster which haunts mines

Bendith y Mamau (Welsh)
Name for Fairies in Wales

One of the Shichi Fukujinor seven lucky kami or immortals. Benzaiten is their only female member. He is the kami of flowing and elequant things. Thus music, knowledge, poetry and water. 

Berchta (German)
A white robed female spirit who oversees weaving and spinning in south germany. She like Holda often leads the wild hunt as well. She has one goose or swan foot like many other fairies of that region.

Hearth mother type spirit.

Betobetosan (Japan)
A mischievous typically invisible spirit which walks behind people making the sound of footsteps to creep them out. Though it's also possible that the Betobetosan is simply following people to use their lanterns light as someone asked the spirit to pass him, to which the Betobetosan responded that it was too dark to walk without light, so the man lent the spirit his lantern which he found by his house the next day.

Bieluch (Poland)
The legendary guardian of an underground vault where it protects hidden tresures. He emerges from the darkness in order to scare theives. 

Bergresar (Nordic)
One of the oldest races of beings in the world, and distant relatives of trolls. They are enormously strong and very fast, and massive in size. Those who see them often become poets, speaking of their great beauty and gilded armor. They hate church bells and will often thrown large rocks to destroy churches. They are not always hostile but they don't like ljusalfer (light elves), humans, or deities. To these they can be dangerous. Being knowledgeable of magic they are able to create illusions that even fool the gods. They represent the wild primeval powers of chaos and seek to overthrow the gods. Though some of them have relationships with the gods, including marriage. They can be mercenaries in order to raise money for the castles in which it lives, and they love to party, play games and hunt. 

Bergsr�et (Nordic)
Nature spirits who live in family groups or even in large courts in the mountains. They typically work to make it difficult for miners to obtain minerals by confusing them. Though they aren't entirely opposed to human presence as the will often have sexual relations with them. This, however, was greatly frowned upon by the people of the era. In 1671 a farmhand fell asleep in the woods and awoke to find a woman dressed in white, she gave him food and drink and than had sex with him, and for this the man was condemned to death. 

Biergmand, Biergfolk, Biergtrold (Denmark) 
Dwarf like beings which are able to slip into impossibly small cracks and crevices of hills to seem to vanish or appear suddenly.  

Biersal (German)
A house fairy which specilizes in keeping the cellar clean and in order and demands some beer in return for this.

Evil spirits associated with the devil

Billy Blind (England)
The name of a house fairy which gives advice to a young man.http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Billy_Blind

Billy Winker
The sprite that closes the eyes of children at bedtime.

The shadow of the kami of wealth, the Poverty Kami, appearing as ragged old vagrent, Binbogami brings poverty to any house he stays in. He is attended by the death watch beattle, a black beatle who betrays the presence of the poverty kami in a house. And once he enters a house it is very difficult to get rid of him. 

Bishamon (Japan)
One of the Shichi Fukujinor, and the patron of great learning and knowledge.

Black Annis
A hag which eats children, but may also be a former goddess, or the aggressive soul of an internally duelistic goddess.

Black Dogs
A nocturnal Spirit

Blue Burches
The name of a household fairy.

Blue Cap
A fairy which live in mines and appears as small blue flames. If the miners treat them well these fairies well lead them to mineral deposits.

Blue Men of Minch (Scotland)
Blue skinned men who live in in the ocean around islands. They would cause storms and wreck ships but a captain who was good at poetry could keep them at bay.

“In point are the demons which were said to haunt particular families as their good or evil genius. The family of Rothiemurchus was said to have been haunted by Bodach,” 
“The Earl of E , a nobleman alike beloved and respected in Scotland, and whose death was truly felt as a national loss, was playing on the day of his decease on the links of St. Andrews at the national game of golf. Suddenly he stopped in the middle of a game, saying, " I can play no longer, there is the Bodach Glas, I have seen it for the third time ; something fearful is going to befall me." He died that night..” 
The Bodach would also enter the household through the chimney to torment children.

Bodca an Dun
The name of a death porteint for the family of Eothmarchas

Bodachan Sabhaill
A fairy of the farmstead which appeared as an old man and would help with the harvest.

Boeman (Netherlands)
A form of boogie man in the Netherlands ehich can hide under beds or in basements, they also often have the power to change their shape.

A spirit which haunts houses.

Bogey Beast
A general Name for mischievous fairy creatures. In one fairy tale it takes the place of the Hedley Kow in the story.

Bokhsuruiuu (Yakut)
Evil illness causing spirits with slender waist and jagged fangs. They made people ill in order to eat, believing that it was their right to make humans sick as they were descended from the child of a noble being. They were often females daughters of Ilbis. But the shaman could negotiate with them and convince them to leave if an offering was made (often the offering had to be provided at sunset and could  include a sacrifice. Such negotiation was actually an negotiation with each side barginning what the prices should be). At times the shaman would get the Bokhsuruiuu to return a persons soul through trickery.

Boogie Man 
A general name for a creature which haunts children.

Boginki (Poland)
The personification of natural forces which live in swamps, lakes, rivers, forests and mountains. Some say they are woman who died in childbirth, suicide, or who murdered their own children. They can either appear as ugly old women with sagging breasts and large heads or beautiful young girls. They often delighted in startling horses and cattle which came to drink in the pools where they lived. They also destroyed fishing nets and causted similar mischief) Like other fairies they also would take children as changlings and could be given offerings to help control natural events for the better.

Bogles (Britain)
A mischievous and occasionally dangerous goblin, though at times they can also be guardian spirits.

Boobrie (Scotland)
A Magical water bird of Scotland.

Вор�а (Komi)
The bopca could appear as a giant (often nude) with shaggy ears though he could also appear as a whirlwind, however, he was a shapeshifter and would often take the form of a cat or other small animals.
They would often steal the catch from unters or attack them, unless the hunter made offerings to him (such as tobacco), in return for which the bopca might even tell the hunter where to find game. Thus it was sometimes thought that the Bopca as a lord of the forest was merely attacking hunters who did not pay it it's due. 
He could lure people into the woods, and cause them to get lost. Sometimes he would give people riddles which they had to solve to be able to return home. Other times he simply kidnapped them, often taking children. Those taken by him aged rapidly, thus a child taken might return a few years later as an old man. Other times they would kidnap women to make them his wife.
The Bopca were also in constant war with the vakula water spirits, thus it was dangerous for people to come out at noon when these two powerful forces would fight each other.

Bozalosc (Russia)
The spirit of the elder tree which acts as a banshee like figure.

A mischievous Shape Changer

A strange formless creature with only a mouth and eyes and a limited vocabulary. 

Brown Man of the Muirs
The lord of the animals of the moorlands.

Browney (Cornish)
A spirit of the farm which cares for the bees and gets them to fertilize the fields.The Cornish Browney .

A common name for a house fairy

A storm spirit which lives in mines and caves

Buffardello (Italy)
A one and a half foot tall anthropomorphic goblin like creature. They dress in red clothes, or just a red cap and pointed shoes. Some appear as children other appear as old with beards. They often sit in trees or the hay, although they are typically invisible. They live in nut trees and on occasion buildings.
The buffardello loves to tease people and animals, and spends much of it's time teasing peoples pets. They also like to bounce and play on peoples chests while they are asleep which causes the people to feel like they are suffocating. They may also hold people down and put their hand in peoples mouths in order to scare them. Additional mischief included hiding or moving objects, turniff of lights, tearing wall paper, cutting peoples hair and beards into patches, undoing bundles of cloth. Further they can be heard scampering around the houses at night, especially running up and down stairs.
In addition to mischief they often also steal from mankind, including  wine, hay, laundry, milk (including that directly from cows). They may also suck the blood of animals, ultimately killing them. At times they may also take the beauty of girls. 
They have many magical properties associated with them including the power to control the wind.

Buggane  (Manx)
A monstrous Creature which is unable to cross water

Bugul Noz (Brittany)
Known as the "Children of the night" or the "shepherd of the night." Bugul Noz is a horrifying looking goblin which takes the form of a wolf through the use of a magical pelt which they wear. The Bugul Noz is at the peak of his power at midnight and travels woodland paths his horrifying face hidden by a giant hat and a large cloak. As he approaches people he grows slowly larger so that when they get to him he is very terrifying. 
In other stories he is a werewolf who takes children and hides them in his hat. As such he has also become a a boogie man figure which parents would use to scare their children into being good with. They are driven away by wind.

Buk (Tuvan)
Evil spirits which cause people to grow ill. Shamans and their helper spirits would have to chase from those whom they made ill. But buk could be stubern and it might be difficult to ge thtem to stay away.

A spirit which punishes bad children and bad servents.

Bungisngis (Philippines)
A happy, laughing one eyed giant which lives in the forest. He has large teeth which allways poke out through his upper lip. In addition he has two large tusks coming out of the side of his mouth. He is very strong but is prone to panic and is easily outwitted.

Bunian (Malasyia)
Fairy like spirits which live in large communities that resemble those of humans. They tend to live in the jungle, away from human contact. though they do sometimes live in humans homes. They can be troublessome, causing people to get lost or at times kidnap children from humans. 
They will at times build good relationships with humans, at times even marrying them. Though those who go into their realm may only be their for a few days but in the human realm decades have passed. 

Burber (Mari-El)
An evil spirit which appears as a fire or shooting star like object flying through the air. They can also take human  or bird form with long hair as a women or a long beard as a man or a long beak to peak at and dry up trees as a bird. The human corpes which the burber comes from is red faced and does not decay. To kill it people beat the burber with sticks from an ash tree and then burn it while putting the stone from the craw of a hen it the burbers mouth so that its soul cannot escape in the form of a butterfly to cause further evil. 
Horseshoes at the threshold protect agains the burber.
As with many folkloric creatures of the countryside it asucks the milk from cattle and the mill of a cow which has been visited by a burber contains blood, grin, or some other impurity. 
To suck the blood of a human they kiss them and then suck the blood out of their victems mouths. They also become the lovers of humans and then cause them so much heartace that they cause the humans to die. In addition to emotional attacks and blood they also eat eyes and will attack people from within, entering peoples stomach or the wombs of pregnant women and animals in order to kill the featis. 
The burber will possess humans to get them to do evil, and the human thinks that they are having a series of nightmares. 

Bura Khan (Altaian)
Protective spirit refered to as 'Cloudy eyed.' (See Altain Protective Spirits)

Burhan (Buryat)
A female spirit of a lake to whom people make offerings in return for protection against dangers while fishing. 

Burkhan (Mongolia)
A powerufl spirit which most shamans can't control but they can be negotiated with in order to leave people alone when they cause illness.

But Aba (water mother) (Mari-El)
When people need rain they gather at the bank of the river and playfully throw water at eachother and animals especially those of black sheep and black hens. Then porridge is either offered to the river and then eaten by all those arround, or in other places a black oxen or sheep is eaten on the river bank with the uneaten parts being sunk in the river after the feast.
Should too much rain fall as a resault of thise thse remains are taken out.
The But aba helps to maintain the quality of the water, if the water becomes muddied or bad tasting people attempt to purify it by offering porridge.
The Mari bride must be introduced to the but aba of her new home, and so must be accompanied by someone whom it already knows, where she will make an offering of a few coins or beads to it in order that it will protect her from any new illnesses from the strange water. 
There are two different beleifs about the b�t aba with regards to fishing in one the the Mari will pour vodka and porridge into the water so that the b�t aba will provide them with an aboundent catch. In the other however are very caful not to make any disturbance while fishing or else the offended b�t aba will cause them to drown or curse them with illness. 
When swimming children are warned not to go into the deep parts of the water or the but aba may pull them down. 

But Bodəz (water spirit) (Mari-El)
A spirit of rivers and springs which causes a sore on the lips of those who drink directly from it, and a sore on the penis of those who urinate in it. He isalso known to cause ulcers

But ian udərzə (Mari-El)
A waterspirit that appears as a beautiful girl with white, yellor or black hair and is either finally dressed or naked. When a human touches it with iron it cannot escape and can be foresed to marry them. However if the human reveals the identity of his wife she will die.

Burlow-beanie (Cornish)
A spirit summoned by the Green Knight in a ballad about Arthur.

Bwbchod and Bwca  (Welsh Fairy)
The Bwabach or Boobach is a Welsh house fairy of the brownie arch type. Much like many other similar fairies he tends to do good deeds for those who treat him well by giving him cream, don’t try to look at him, or guess his name. When the Bwabach is mistreated they turn into a a poltergeist like being known as the bwca and after gaining revenge flee the house which they came from in search of a new home with people who will treat them properly. At times however they refuse to leave a place and so must be exercised.

Cailleach Bheur
The Hag of Winter http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Cailleach

Căpcăun (Romania)
A red capped monster which kidnaps people.http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/C%C4%83pc%C4%83un

Caranget (Philippines)
Small humanoid beings which are found in small mounds in forests and fields. They are helpful to shamans and will respond to them by making a wistling sound. They are very protective nature spirits and will curse those who harm their land.

Cat Sidhe (Scotland)
A fairy Cat

Căţelul Păm�ntului (Romania)
Translating as earth dog, and it lookes similar to this only with it's eyes hidden under some skin. The Căţelul Păm�ntului acts as the gaurdian of cemetairies where he is able to slip into the smallest holes in the earth. At night he comes out and walks through the forests or investigates the corpses, biting the nose and ears of those who were not buried according to ancient tradition. His loud bark signals death or misfortune for those who hear it at night before the cocks crow.

Catkən (Mari-El)
When someone dies in the forest they can only go free when they kill another so they haunt the forest hoping to do this. They have cloaks which make them invisible and cause humans to get lost so that they may murder them.

Caoidheag (Scotland)
A fairywhich washes the clothes of those about to die. http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Caoineag

A spirit of the barn which torments those who are not supposed to be in the barn but helps the family to keep their sheep and other animals safe.

Cauld Lad of Hilton
A house fairy which also has much in common with a ghost

Ceasg (Scotland)
Half Woman/Half Salmon http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Ceasg

Chavag Bazhy (Thvinian)
The name of one of the shaman's helper spirits. Shamans helpers were the 'grim owners of the forest' they were protectors of the shaman when he battled evil spirits.

Chimata No Kami (Japan)
A kami of roadways, paths, and crossroads. Represented by phallic shapped rocks on the side of the road. 

Chinju no mori (Japan)
The sacred groves in which kami dwell. These are the groves of trees around the shrines, with shrines being built in places that Kami dwell. This means that the chinju no mori is sacred in the way a church is sacred, not as a kami but as a place in which the kami can dwell. 

Chochinobake (Japan)
A paper lantern which gains life, a single eye, some limbs and a giant tongue.

Chopirako (Japan)
A spirit which appears as a beautiful child dressed in white which brings luck to old households. 

Chotgor (Mongolia)
Spirits which cause illness, some of them are the spirits of the dead who could not find their way into the underworld.

Chuhayster (Ukraine)
A jolly, cherful old spirit with a thick black or white hair, blue eyes. He spends much of his time singing and dancing and hunting mavok who have kidnapped people in order to destroy their evil. He can appear as a whirlwind and his so fast that no shoes can withstand his  speed. 
He is very protective keping lumbejacks and other woodsmen safe from dangerous spirits and bear attacks. In return they would always leave him a little of their food. He in turn would often feed this to the animals as he was one of their protectors as well.

Chuiuk (Altaian)
Appearing a similar to a falcan or a gray eagle. He was the protector of a particular shaman as the head of the shamans ancestors.

Churn-milk Peg and Melsh Dick
Are wood-demons supposed to protect soft, unripe nuts from being gathered by naughty children, the former being wont to beguile her leisure by smoking a pipe.

Church Grim (Yorkshire)
is a fixed inhabitant of the church by day and by night, and only ' marauds about ' in dark stormy weather. It has been known to toll the death- bell at midnight, and at times a priest officiating at a burial would see it sitting at a window in the church-tower, when e would be able to tell by the creature's aspect whether the soul of the departed was saved or lost.

Does nothing beyond making a noise as of beating on empty cans.

Cluricaun (Irish)
Similar to a Leprechaun 

Coblynau  (Welsh Fairy)
A friendly fairy of Welsh mines which leads people to rich vains of ore, often by knocking where they should dig and which helps prevent cave ins.

Coleman Gray (Cornish)
A child Piskie briefly taken in by a human farmer.

Cow Enshrined (Japan) (Kami)
When a mans cow died as the resault of a fire the man enshrined the cow  in  a small shriine of clay tiles. He than prayed to the cow's spirit as a kami, making it offerings of small bundles of grass. Eventually word spread that the kami was good at curing skin ailments. This event represents Japan's folk religion, in which nearly any being can have power and so a relationship must be built with them. It seems likely (although it's not stated directly) that the man enshrined the cow because he wanted to avoid having it grow angry at having been killed in a fire caused by humans. It may also be, however, that the man was enshrining the cow because it was a good loyal friend.

Cowlug sprites
Fairies with ears like cows.

Cu Sith (Highland)
A large green dog

Cuegle (Spain)
A small super strong monster with five rows of teeth, a single horn, three eyes and three arms. They can be protected against with oak or holly leaves.http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Cuegle

Cughtach (Manx)
Storm Bringers which Live in caves

Cyhyraeth  (Welsh Fairy)
A death portent spirit much like the banshee

Dagda (Irish)
Great King of the Irish Fairy http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/The_Dagda

Daijinjahime (Japan)
A long fish with the head of a woman who comes ashore and utters with prophecy.

Daikoku (Japan)
One of the Shichi Fukujin he is a household kami who brings wealth and prosperity. 

Daimyojin Akagi (Japan)
The kami of Akagi, a provider of water for the land. 

Dames Blanches (France)
White ladies are female spirits which also exist in German and Dutch mythology which are most likely fading deities. http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Dames_Blanches

Dando and his Dogs (Cornish)
A Priest who becomes a huntsman for the devil (Fairy Tale)

Daoine Sidhe (Irish)
Yeats uses this word for fairies in Ireland

A species of dwarfish fairies, of somewhat evil nature 

Devil's Dandy Dogs (Cornish)
The Cornish dogs used for the wild hunt

Diaiuch (Altaian)
Owner spirit of a shamans drum which aids him when he send his spirit to the underworld to convince Erlik to stop making a person sick, or in other similar ways.

Dip (Spain)
An evil black dog who is the emissary of the devil and sucks peoples blood

Diwata (Philippines)
Beautiful and often benevolent nature spirits. Although there are numerous and varied accounts as to what they should look like, a general trend may be observed in that they are normally human in appearance—beautiful and seemingly ageless at that—save for some distinct characteristics. This may take the form of not having a philtrum or having continuously smooth and supple skin that somehow resemble fingernails, without any wrinkled parts in the elbows and knees. They also tend to be fairer than average, as pale skin has been associated with the supernatural even during pre-colonial times (for example, the "white lady" belief is prevalent in the East and Southeast Asian regions).
The Diwata can be called upon ritually for positive crop growth, health, and fortune. However, like most such fairy creatures the Diwata also caused illness or misfortune if not given proper respect. They are said to reside in large trees, such as acacia and balete and are the guardian spirits of nature, casting blessings or curses upon those who bring benefits or harm to the forests and mountains. They have their origin in the Hindu Devata, with the term Diwata originating from the Indonesian Dewata.
The term "diwata" has taken on various levels of meanings it is sometimes loosely used to refer to a generic type of beings much like "elf" or "fairy," or very specific ones as mentioned above. It has been noted that the term "diwata" is synonymous to "anito," and that the usage of the word "diwata" is more prevalent in the Southern Philippines, while "anito" takes its place in the Northern areas.

Dobby (Yorkshire)
Name of a brownie

Dobie (Yorkshire)
A silly brownie

Dodomeki (Japan)
The ghost of a female pickpocket who has her long arms and hands covered with birds eyes which allow her to continue to pick peoples pockets

Dogoda (Poland)
The slavic spirit of the west wind which is associated with love and gentleness.

Dokoryu (Japan)
An evil dragon which caused the soul of a mirror which appeared as a beautiful woman to appear at the bottom of a well so that people would jump in to save her allowing him to kill them.

The god of the hearth and protector of a family, a brownie like fairy.

Dola (Poland)
Protective spirits which were in essence the personfication of fate. They were in charge of providing happiness and success to people. They would follow a man from birth to death. Though most of the time they couldn't be seen they would sometimes appear in the guise of a human (male or female), cat, mouse, dog. They would hound those who made bad choices such as those who were careless and wasteful.

Domowije (Poland)
Much like the Russian Domovoi they are spirits which live under the threshold or stove and are responsible for maintaining order within the house. He would warn people of danger such as by pulling the hair of woman who had abusive husbands to warn them. THey would also moan and weep if a family member was about to die. When he strumed a comb their would be a wedding in the future. They liked to see old shoes hanging in the yard and in addition to gifts of food they also liked gifts of white cloth.

Domovyk (Ukraine)
A homemaking god or spirit which is responsible for helping the family of a household, though they can be mischevious and troublesome at times. They appear as an old man or a boy with goat legs whcih reas red pants, a horned hat. They live under the stove. Scholars such as S. Plachynda believe the the Domovyk was purely a positive being before Christianity worked to turn it into a goblin like creature. 
There are some stories which tell how a person got a Domovyk by putting a tiny egg under their arm for ten days (with the Domovyk hatching on the tenth day) This spirit than serves the person faithfully. Under Christianity it became a dangerous creature which caused damage to the household.

Dooinney Oie (Manx)
A fairy which looks like an old man and lives in sea side caves. He warns away those who approach his cave by causing them to sprain their ankle or hurt themselves in some other way. Despite his desire to be alone he can be useful and warns of coming storms.

Dorotabo (Japan)
The ghost of a hardworking farmer who's lazy son allowed the farm to fall into ruin after he died. Unable to stand the site of his farm in ruits the man will emerge from the ground an wail hiss sorrow on moonlit nights.

Dososhin (Japan)
A tutelary kami of boarder reagions which protects villagers from illness and evil spirits. In addition they protect travelers on the road. They are represented by large stones, poles along the roadway, or stones carved into the form of male or female genitals. Given is local gaurdian nature and the fact that the stones which they inhabited were often elongaged Dososhin is often believed to be a deity of fertility as well. In modern times they have been prayed to for traffic safety.

Dozoku Shin (Japan) (Kami)
Kami of an extended family. In many parts of Japan families would organize themselves into small groups of houses (branch houses) and a larger main house. The Dozoku Shin was the primary kami of each of these house holds. So as with all kami this meant his nature could vary depending on what the family worshiped.

Draug (Norse)
Supernaturally strong zombie like creatures. http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Draug

Vampires which are born from the souls of unbaptized children.

Fairy of the Brownie type 

Dunters (Scottland)
Fairies which haunt old castles

Duwende (Philippines)
Tiny creatures which can provide good fortune or bad. They live in a number of places including houses, trees, or in termite like mounds. Though most of peoples encounters with them obviously occur in the home and in some ways they could be conssidered a form of house spirit. Whether they are good or mischevious depends on the home owners treatment of them. Thus people would leave food on the floor so that the duwende would not be angry with them. As a joke they might take and hide peoples things but will usually return them if asked politely. 

Dv�rgar (Sweden)
Small spirits which live under rocks and within cliffs. They represent the still living forces of the eaths interior. Born from the worms which feasted on Ymir's flesh they are small ugly men with long noses, and are the color of the earth. Some Dv�rgar have names which suggest they may have once been the spirits of ancestors. 
They can make themselves invisible through a magical hat or a magical cloak. They are masters of crafting such amazing objects, often making incredibly beautiful halls. They have a superior skill at the forge having made Odin's Spear, Thor's Hammer, and Frey's ship. They hate traveling by boat, liking to keep their feet on solid ground. 
They can be very hostile to people and deities as they are easily enraged, being tough and durable, hard as stone they dislike elves who they see as lazy. 

Dvorovoi (Russia)
Spirit of the barn yard.

Dzodzuv (Komi)
If the dzodzuv touched any part of the human body that part woudl become sick or start to rot. If it fell into a house someone in that hosue would die an early death. 

Each Uisge (Scotland)
A Dangerous Water Horse http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Each_uisge

Eeren (Tuvan)
Helper spirits who were summoned in s�ance which was usually held at the beginning of night and before daybreak. They were sent out to search for the causes of illness, and were used to aid the shaman in fighting evil spirits.

Eeren Badger (Tuvan)
Reffered to as 'the bald' One of the helper spirits used by the shaman to search for the causes of illness

Eeren Bear (Tuvan)
Refered to as 'the hornless. One of the helper spirits used by the shaman to search for the causes of illness.

Eeren Moosa (Tuvan)
A shamans helper spirit which in one case at least takes the form of a wolf

Eeren Moth (Tuvan)
One of the helper spirits used by the shaman to search for the causes of illness. In one of the recorded seances the moth was sent to the place the soul was to help the shaman negotiat with the evil spirits for the return of the soul.

Eeren Raven (Tuvan)
The first spirit consultated by a shaman whose ritual was recorded. Ravens were a death portent, it's cry near a sick person meant the person would die soon. This was because the Raven was so well intune with the spirit world. Shamans would often ask ravens for help, to protect themselves and others from death. In one case the shaman speaks of his raven eeren as flying swiftly, with inscriptions and oraments on their wings and tails. They help search for causes of illness and trouble for the shaman.

Ekek (Philippines)
Old looking huminoid bird like creatures with bills who haunt the nights searching for victims. They search for sleeping pregnant woman. When one is found they extend their long proboscis into the womb and drain the baby of it's blood. 

Eki (Basque)
The dauther of the earth, the sun, she is the protector of humanity against evil spirits.

A fairy race from Saxon lore http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Elf

Ellylldan  (Welsh Fairy)
A mischievous fairy which lives in bogs and uses light to lure travlers astray.

Ellyllon  (Welsh Fairy)
Welsh Elves which fit the more modern idea of fairies, they are wispy, ethreal, beautiful little creatures which eat toadstools and fairy butter (a fungus found in the roots of old trees). Yet in many stories they also appear a bit more like pixies. br style="color: rgb(0, 0, 0); font-family: 'Times New Roman'; font-size: medium; font-style: normal; font-variant: normal; font-weight: normal; letter-spacing: normal; line-height: normal; text-align: left; text-indent: 0px; text-transform: none; white-space: normal; word-spacing: 0px;">
Endur (Mongolia)
Spirits of the sky. These are the strongest of all the spirits. 

Enenra (Japan)
The spirit of the smoke rising up from the hearth.

Enkanto (Philippines)
The male diwata which resides in the sea. It is customary for Filipino fishermen to offer meat and other delicacies to the enkanto by throwing them into the sea, after a day's bountiful catch.

Enokke (Danish)
A water sprite which appears as an old man with a large beard, a green hat and green teeth.

Erlik (Altaian)
The ruler of the evil spirits to whom the people would make an offering when there was sickness in hopes that he would have his spirits lift the illness. To appease him they would sacrifice an animal, often a horse. The Shaman's soul would than travel into the underworld with the help of his Spirit Protectors to give the gift to Erlik.

Eternal Snows (Thvinian)
During the ritual to cure illness the shaman would greet major spirits and ask them for aid. This is one of those spirits. 

Ettin (England)
A two headed four horned monster Read the Fairy Tale

Evil spirits (Kumandin)
Were appeased through animal sacrifice and sprinkling with a form of beer in order to get the iurgen-chula (soul) of a person back. They would offer seven or nine cups of beer to Erlik in order to get a soul back.

Evil Spirits (Yakuts)
Dangerous spirits of illness might hide in the dirt so yurts are swept clean before such spirits are cast out of a sick person. They were addressed as the eight legged tribe of evil spirits. When casting them out of a person the shaman would warn them what was happeing and ask them not to be angry about it.

Ežerinis (Lithuania)
The spirit of the lake which appears as a man.

Fachan (Scotland)
A monster of Scotland which has one leg, one eye, one tooth, one arm which holds a dangerous club. http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Fachen 

Fairies who create humanities fate

Farisees (England)
In Suffolk the fairies are called farisees. A butcher near Woodbridge went to a farmer's to buy a calf, and finding, as he expressed it, that "the cratur was all o' a muck," he desired the farmer to hang a flint by a string in the crib, so as to be just clear of the calf's head. "Becaze," said he, "the calf is rid every night by the farisees, and the stone will brush them off."

Fata Pădurii (Romania)
'The forest girl,' A beautiful spirit of the forest which tries to lure men into the woods with her. If one refuses her advances she may at times tell them "Stay than, do not know what you are missing." After this she often turns them into flowers. If a man does not please her she may turn them into a tree. Other times she might actually attack and rape young men in the forest. 

Another name for fairies which control human fate

Fear Dearg (Irish)
A little man who dresses all in red who comes into peoples homes to warm himself by the fire. http://www.leprechaunmuseum.ie/irish-folklore

Feeorin (Lancashire)
A fairy mentioned in two tales from Lancashire but never fully described.

Lempo (Finland)
Evil giant forest spirits siad to be as tall as trees, they do their best to lead travelers astray appearing as flashing lights much like the will o’ the wisp. He causes illness to befall people, and sicks toothaches on people the way one might a dog. He is said to cause of a lot of ill deeds when a knife slips and cuts someone using it  

Fenodyree (Norse)
A fairy who was banished from the fairy court for falling in love with a human maiden.

Ferrishyn (Manx)
The Manx must have adopted the English word " fairies " for use in the singular number, and ferrishyn is at the least a double plural. 

Fext (Russia)
Undead generals

Fideal (Scotland)
A beautiful water fairy which drowns humans when given the chance.

Finvarra (Irish)
King of the fairies http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Finvarra

Fir Bolgs (Irish)
The first rulers of Ireland. http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Fir_Bolg 

Fir Darrig (Irish)
A fairy with a read hat who may visit people's homes at night (Read the Two Fairy Tales)

Fir Chlis (Scotland)
Roughly translated as the nimble ones, the Fir Chlis are the Northern lights which were reputed to be fairies dancing in the sky.

Fire (Tuvan)
A highly venerated spirit which could bring fortune and luck to a family, he brought happiness and saftey to children, and kept live stock growing. Each hearth had a different animal devoted to it, and spirit of the fire of that hearth was often described in that way. Though they were normally helpful fire spirits could also make people ill if they offended him.

Fire (Khakass)
The shaman started his ritual by making an offering of araka to the fire which would bring this offering to the spirit of the sky.

Follet (Catalan)
Household fairies who act as a form of family deities. They tend to dress in colorful clothing, they are playfully mischievious though the required that everything being kept in clean, tidy order. 

Folletto (Italy)
Small trickster figureswho are very agile, elusive and able to fly and become invisible. They live in burrows in the woods, especially near conifers. Or at times they can live in  human homes, backyards, and barns. They almost ever only come out at night to have fun and tease the animals in the stables, mess up their hair of women, and create clutter among the farm tools and in the house. Although they are tiny normally they can change their hight, sometimes their shape, and so forth.

Formorians (Ireland)
Giants of Ireland http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Fomorians 

Fossegrim (Norway)
A water spirit which will teach people to play music so well they can make the trees dance.

Fridean (Scotland)
Fairies of the Rocks to whom offerings of milk and bread were left before a journey.

Frog (Sleeping Beauty)
Most people don't realize that the frog, the fairy of the fountain made this story happen, everyone else was just players in it.

Fuath (Scotland)
Category of evil water fairies. http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Fuath 

Furoougi (Japan)
The original wooden fans used by Miko (priestess oracles) which came to life in the form of dragon headed monsters with only a single toe on each foot and wooden fan like fins. The Furo ougi seek to destroy all the paper fans which eventually replaced them.

Futakuchionna (Japan)
The spirits of wicked step mothers who let their step children starve to death and so were possessed by the spirits of those children. The child's ghost manifests as a mouth on the back of the woman's head which constantly demands to be fed and if it is not it uses the woman's hair as tenticles to snatch up her food.
In one folktale it was said that a woman so afflicted was believed by people to never eat so a miser sought her out as his wife so that he wouldn't have to spend money to feed her. But the spirit which had possessed her devoured more food than any human would. In other tales they seem to form communities in the mountains from which they come down to seek relationships with men in order to feed the incredibly hungry spirit which has possessed them.

Gaki (Japan)
The ghost of a wicked man which appears huge and bloated with a tiny mouth. Cursed with an undending hungerfor filthy unclean things such as the bodies of the dead. They freeze when exposed to the sun and burn with heat when the moonlight shines on them.

Galley Begger (Somerset)
Another headless spirit which haunts the countryside

Gally-Trot (England)
A Giant White Dog who chases anyone who runs from it.

Gama (Japan)
A giant toad which hides under houses in order train their life with its long tought.

Fairies that wonder the countryside and try to woo milk-maidens.

Ganiklis (Lithuanian)
A forest being which ruled over predatory animals. He was also pastoral deity similar to the satyr, to which people would offer the testicles of livestock while burning them on a stone and asking Ganiklis to keep his wolves and other predators at bay.

Gants Mod (Mongolia)
A powerful tree spirit which is known because it stands alone.

G�rdstomte (Nordic)
A spirit of the farm and home who helped farmers gain good fortune. He was often believed to be the spirit of the first man to grow up on the farm. He was typically an older man with a white beard, gray clothes and a hat. Although they were helpful they were also peevish, having a serious temper and would retaliate if the animals were neglected or if people failed to treat him with respect. Above all else he felt it was his duty to watch over the farm animals, helping keep them safe and helping them to thrive. As payment for his work he expected  porridge with a bit of butter. When given new clothes he would consider himself too fine to work and so would stop. 

Gaueko (Basque)
The spirit o the night who doesn't let people do certain things outside at night. His presence is felt in a gust of wind though sometimes he appears as a cow or a monster. 

Gazriin Ezen (Mongolia)
Spirits of a place including mountains, water, rocks, villages, buildings, nations, trees, etc. Many of them were once the souls of humans who went to reside in nature on the persons death. For many of these it has been so long since they were human they don't remmember having ever been so.  Piles of rocks and sticks called oboo or ovoo are set up, those travleing through the Gazriin Ezen's territory would pay their respects by adding another rock to this pile. At times they would even make an offering of milk products, alchohal, or other items.

Gazriin Ezen Mountain (Mongolia)
Powerful spirits to whom special ceremonies are often held. The mountain spirit may send wolves to get horses or other herd animals or may take the form of wolves as people say that the mountain spirit has taken an animal when a wolf gets it.

Genghis Khan (Mongolia)
An ancestral spirit for Mongolia who protects the nation and marriage.

Genko (Japan) (Kami)
A priest who meditated for nearly his whole life and than became a dragon which lives in a pond and grants requests for those who bring him offerings of rice.

Gentle Annie
A hag somewhat akin to Black Annis only controls the winds and causes storms

The Gentry (Irish)
A name for the fairies which is used to avoid offending them.

German (Russian)
Water spirits which bring rain

Ghillie Dhu (Scotland)
A guardian of trees (especially birch trees) he is a wild and often shy fairy who is kind to and aids children. Said to be dark haired, he is described as clothed in leaves and moss. In lore, this solitary spirit is said to reside primarily near Gairloch and Loch a Druing

Glaistig (Scotland)
Appearing to be a beautiful woman she hides goat legs under long flowing dresses and seeks to drain the blood from males in some legends. In others she is a guardian spirit, so she is likely very internally duelistic. http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Glaistig 

Glashtyn (Manx)
In some reports a brownie creature in others a water fairy.

Gnefro (Italy)
A small fairy which appears like a child, but only shows themselves at night. They like to play pranks on solitary wonderers though they rarely do anything serious. On occasion they will live in a human house which they will protect and aid.

Typically evil and sometimes phantom like fairies http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Goblin 

Gohodoji (Japan)
Spirits which take the form of young boys and protect priests and hermits who have achieved a more enlightened state. In one story (lots of stories)
In medieval Japan it was said that until the age of seven one did not fully belong to the world
it was not until boys reached fiften and girls reached thirteen that they became adults, up until than they  wer close to kami and the spirit world so spirits often took the form of children.

Golomt Eej (Mongolia)
The spirit of the fire who was believed to be the daughter of the Father of Heaven. 

Gooseberry Wife (Scotland)
The Gooseberry-wife in the guise of a large furry caterpillar, takes charge of the green gooseberries, e.g. If ye goos out in the gearden, the gooseberry-wife'll be sure to ketch ye.

Grant (England)
A death portent which appears as a young horse running on its hind legs.

A word for a small sprite like creature.

Grindylow (Yorkshire)
An evil nymph or water demon which lives pools of water or the trees.

Greenies (Lancashire)
Small fairies so exquisitely beautiful that men can fall instantly in love with them.

Gruagach (Scotland)
Is often a female brownie type spirit such as one which lived in Skipness Castle where it did odd jobs for the maids. There are also males, and a number of other tales about them.

Gruvr�et (Nordic)
A creature of the mines and mountains who can appear as a hag, an old man, or an animal in order to scare people away from deposits of ore. Though she could also appear as an elegant lady dressed in light gray. Sometimes she actually helped miners as well warning them of accidents that were about to happen. 

Gulbių dievas (Lithuanian)
Sort of like a guardian angel which hovered around people keeping them safe. Each person would offer their Gulbių dievas occasional sacrifices with woman often offering chickens.

Guajona (Spanish)
An old thin witch covered in a black cloak. Her hands and feet are gnarled bird legs and her face is yellow, rough, and covered in hairy warts. Her small eyes however glow like stars. She has a sharp knows and a single large black tooth which extends below her chin and which she can use to suck peoples blood dry. She only comes out and night, and even than she remains in the shadows. She is a silent hunter able to sneak into homes where it drains children, leaving them nearly dead. It often attacks the old or even adults as well.

Gunna (Scotland)
A fox skin wearing fairy boy who was banished from fairyland.

is an evil cow whose appearance was formerly believed in as a sign of death

Gwrach y Rhibyn  (Welsh Fairy)
Haglike fairies which act as death portents

Gwyllion  (Welsh Fairy)
Frightful haglike fairies which haunt lonely mountain roads. 

The Queen of Fairies.... , in Fife superstitious females are anxious to spin off all the flax that is on their rocks, on the last night of the year ; being persuaded that if they left any unspun, the Gyrc-Carlin, or as they also pronounce the word the Gy-carlin, would carry it off before morning. In some ways this makes her similar to Holda.

Habetrot (Scottish)
A fairy which spins magical garments.

Haltija (Finland)
A fairy spirit or guardian of a place such as a glen of trees, water, the grave yard, villages, and homesteads. There are also Haltija’s which guards humans, following them around to keep them safe.

Haltia (Finland)
The spirit of the builder of a house who remains to guard the home he built. They could however be transferred from one home to a  new one through the fire. The Haltia oversaw peoples activities in the building, making certain they remained moral – punishing over drinking, etc. 
They can also be the spirits of mountains and other places as attested to by the treasure hunters song in which  states “a  treasure-seeker exclaims: 'Kinsmen of Hiisi, now arise! awake, thou mountain haltia!” or that of an individual person “A hunter sadly complains that with other men luck does the work, their haltia fetches them coin, but his luck, his haltia, lies confused under a stone with gloves on his hands,”

Hantu Air (Malaysia)
Spirits which live in large rivers or lakes which most often appear as a floating log. They tend to be dangerous as they could drown people and cause floods. To avoid this people give them offerings and honor them at a ceremony. http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Hantu_Air

Hantu Bidai (Malaysian)
A spirit which lives in water and will change its form in order to drown its victems. 

Hantu Bukit (Malaysia)
Spirits which roam the ills and tease the faint of heart. 

Hauntu Bungkus (Malaysia)
Ghosts of the dead which are still wrapped in the burial shroud. They come up to feed on the blood of babies. http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Pocong 

Hantu Galah (Malasyia)
A very tall spirit, so tall that at times it can seep the clouds. They live deep in the forest where only its legs are visable. They only come out at night at which point they often snatch people up. 

Hantu Keramat (Malaysia)
The spirit of a place which is usually associated with large rocks, large trees, or the crossroads. They give good luck to those who provide them with offerings such as eggs.

Hantu Kopek (Malaysia)
A large breasted old spirit which will kidnap and hide children under her breats if they are out at dusk or late evening. 

Hantu Kubur (Malaysia)
A spirit which roams the grave yards and spreads disease among the living. 

Hantu Raya (Malaysia)
The supreme spirit for the shaman. http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Hantu_Raya

Hairy Jack (English)
A mischievous dog spirit

Harahus (Germanic)
Word for a Sacred Grove of Trees

Hardmandle (Switzerland)
Dwarf like beings which scamper over moss and fell and are not exhausted by climbing steep precipices

Harimau Jadian (Malaysia)
People who are able to turn into tigers thorugh the assistance of spirits. Often this is is done for self defense. 

Harionago (Japan)
Beautiful female spirits who make fun of passing young men by laughing at them. She is not entirly playful, however, for if the young man should dare to return her laugh she will attack him with her hair which becomes long rithing tenticles tipped in barbs.

Haule Mannerchen (German)
Elvish followers of Holda who are unique in that they are males who act as fates, endowing people with magical gifts, a job normally reserved for woman. 

Havsmannen (Sweden)
A water sprite which aids sailors and keeps water ways safe. They also have children with human women from time to time.

Hedley Kow (English)
A shapeshifting fairy which likes to play tricks on people.

Helhond (Netherlands)
Black hound with pointed ears, those who encountered them knew that someone they knew was about to dye. Their bark also warned people of coming death.

Heinenkleed (Saxon)
Departed spirits, who appear in the furious host in the retinue of former gods, and continue to lead a life of their own.

Heinze (also known as Heinezlmann, Polterkater and Katermann) (German)
Also known as the boot cat, they were a domestic fairy which lived in cellars or in trees next to someones house. They bring good luck to a household so care must be taken of the tree in which they reside or else luck will leave with them. They can't abide chopping or spinning on Thursday evenings. In addition to being lucky they help to keep stables and kitches safe, and aide in the choirs in those areas.

Henkies (Orkney)
So called because they were supposed to henk or limp when they danced, Henkie knowes are the knolls round which these trolls or fairies used to gambol at night ; also called the Hill Folk

High Mountain (Tuvan)
Source of water asked to help heal people, protect villages, and more.

Hi Hi (Japan) (Kami / Yokai)
A silvered haired monkey whose hide was so tough that even guns can't penetrate it. Although some Hi Hi live in the wild others act as cruel kami, being worshiped by a people but demanding sacrifices of girls whom they devour. In one such tale a hunter falls in love with a girl selected to be that years sacrifice and so climbs into the box she is to be delivered to the Hi Hi in with his dogs. When the Hi Hi opens the box he has his dogs hold the giant beast while he choped at its neck until he begins to sever it. Meanwhile the Hi Hi possessed the priests outside the temple and has them come iin and beg the hunter for the Hi Hi's life. At last the hunter concents to spare the Hi Hi but only if the creature promises never to hurt another human again.
In a similar tale the Hi Hi is actually killed and it's body enshrined on Kannon Mountain.
However if someone could manage to drink his blodd they would be able to see invisable spirits. One man did this by getting the Hi Hi drunk and than killing it.
http://ja.wikipedia.org/wiki/%E7%8B%92%E3%80%85 (In Japanese)

Hiisi (Finland)
Meaning something similar to hill and or mountain which is similar in many ways to a holy place. The hiisi are the Tutelary spirits are the spirits of awe inspiring natural features which most often involve rough terrain such as hills, giant boulders, deep crevasses, etc. As with many forest divinities the hissi is asked to chae animals to the hunters.
The hiisi’s horse was said to be the sound that the trees of the forest made as the wind rushed through them. 
Christianity reduced Hissi to being much like small ugly twisted trolls which traveled in noisy processions, stole from humans, caused illness and did all the other bad things which happened which required an opposing dualistic force. Of course this is not to say the Hiisi didn’t do some these things originally, its hard to say how dualistic he was as many creatures in Uralic mythology seem to be both creative and distructive.
In one song to the Hiisi at least they are invoked to keep away evil. “O Hiisi, come from Hiitola, thou humpback! from the home of gods to cast out that which needs must be cast out and cause the monster's death..”

Hinky Punk (Scottish)
A one legged creature which carries a lantern in order to lure travelers astray.

Hitodama (Japan)
Spirits of the dead which appear as glowing balls and may at times lead people astray in the wilderness.

Hitotsumekoze (Japan)
A mecheivious spirit which loves to play pranks on people and to jump out and frighten them or to use childish insults on them. As one would expect he appears as a ten year old monk though he only has one eye, a fact which he is very self concous about for if he encounters a bamboo basket he will run away in shame, thinking that the gaps in these baskets are multiple eyes which mock his single one. Unfortunatly in addition to causing mischief he also brings illness to those places he goes so such protections are important.

Hob (English)
Typically a kind house fairy which can cure illness

Hobbledy-Lantern (England)
A name for the Will o the Wisp

Hobyah (England)
Dangerous fairies which are chased of by a barking dog. (English Folk Tale)

Hoko (Japan)
The spirit of an ancient tree which appears as a black dog with the face of a man. 

Holda (Germanic)
A deity of Christmas, Water, Snow and household concerns.

Holzeibel (Germany)
A German name for wood wives.

Hookeys (Lincolnshire)
An Unmeaning abjeration supposed to have reference to fairies

Hoopers (Cornish)
Shy fairies which hid in the mist, but would warn fishermen of coming storms.

Horse - Sacred (Tuvan)
The spirit of a horse which could make people ill. In order to pacify it the shaman would decorate a horse in red ribbons, burn juniper incense, and wash it with arzhaan (holy water) They would ask the horse to no longer be angery with his master and to guard the family. Horses are powerful spirits which cancause cause their owner to grow ill by biting their bridle.
Still despite their ability to cause illness horse spirits are typically good, their spirits transport shamans through the various spirit worlds, allowing them to cure the sick.

Hososhin (Japan)
A spirit which spread small pox by appearing in peoples dreams as an old man in a straw boat. People tried to stop him from doing this by placing his image at the edge of the village.

Housoubaba (Japan)
A giant ten foot tall red faced hag who causes small pox in order to eat the bodies of those who've died of the dieses by digging up their corpses. It is difficult to stop her, however, because she can fly so fast that her flight causes a gust of wind capable of knocking even strong men prone

Howlaa (Manx)
A mountain fairy which appears as an old man, his voice could be heard in the winter lamenting the coming tempests which gave people warning of such storms.

Huijuta and Siilikki (Finland)
(name means hedgehog) Matron of the wasps.

Hukataku (Japan)
A being which knows about every type of spirit, kami, yokai, or other supernatural being. Likely an ancient deity from China the Hukataku's very image can protect people and places from evil influances and illness. They appear as a bull with six horns on it's head and a human face on each side and each flank and each of these faces has three or two horns.

Hulder (Norway)
A supernatural female being which live underground in the forests. They are young beautiful woman who act as sort of wood or forest nymphs. She can at times have lynx ears, or be hollow in the back like an old tree stump. 

Huldra (Scandinavia)
Beautiful female forest fairy type beings.

Hyakume (Japan)
The spirit which appears as a many eyed bird with no mouth. The hyakume protects shrines from theifs by sending out their eyes to embed themselves into the thief, marking them as such forever after.

Hyang (Indonesia)
Spirits which dwell in the land, especially in mountains, but which can also dwell within stones, trees and other places. Such spirits are either divine or ancestral, however they are not like deities of western beleif. In the Sundanese , Javanese , and Balinese ancient, invisible forces of nature and ancestral spirits is identified as "hyang". This ancestral spirits inhabit high places, such as mountains and hills. These places are sanctified and glorified as the soul of ancestors dwell.
"The bridge between the two worlds—between humans and jinn—is being broken," Mr. Yulianto said. "I can help the spirits accept what is happening." 
Quote from a Shaman in the Wall Street Journal

Jordmorsegna (Norway)
A midwife in noreway who helps a fairy woman give birth to a child and is asked to put ointment in the new born fairies eyes. When she does so she accidently gets some in her eyes. When this is discovered he eye is poked out.

Den ville jeger (Norway)
Known as the Wild Hunter, In one of his tales some loggers, located by the fire in the woods at night, you see a barefoot girl with flowing hair running for their lives just past them. After going two large black dogs neck to the groove her. After a while they heard a shot and then there was silence. Later, they see a great big man with coal-black beard in the light of the fire. He has two dogs in leash and a big muskedunder on his shoulder. On his back hangs girl like another shot hare with his legs bound together and threaded into the stock pipe.

Hyter Sprites
A kind fairy which would find lost children in the fens and help them find their way home again. Very protective the hyter sprites would also scold those who mistreated children.

Ibd irailduk (Even)
Evil spirit of the lower world which causes illness and misfortune such as an unsuccessful hunt
To defeat spirits of illness the shaman would often split them into two parts and place them inside carvings of birds which would fly them up to heaven so they couldn't return.

Ichchi (Yakut)
The spirit of living beings including rivers, rocks, lakes, trees, natural forces, and even objects created by humans.

Another name of the norn.

Ignis Fatuus
Another word for Will o the wisp

Ilargi (Basque)
The moon, also the daughter of the earth.

Ileana Cos�nzeana (Romania)
A beautiful nature fairy, considered to be the most beautiful among fairies she works to defeat evil forces.

Iele (Romania)
Beautiful seductive fairies who live in the skies, forests, mountains, caves but will often decend to bath near the crossroads. http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Iele

Inken (Even)
The spirit of thunder and lightning which was asked by the shaman to take argi from a person (Argi are disease causing spirits).

Inoshishi (Japan) (Kami)
A kami which is the spirit of a female bear which people pray to in order to drive away snakes.

Inugami (Japan) (Kami)
A dog familiar created by a form a witch, the inugami is created by putting food just outside a starving dogs reach. When the dog despretly tries to reach the food its head is cut off, making a predatory spirit which is used to attack people and protect oneself against attack. 
The owner of an inugami can command the spirit to possess people, but such power comes with a price for the inugami is often difficult to control and may seek vengeance on the person who tormented and killed it.
In addition to the occasional individual who enshrined such dog kami therewere also families who did so. These were known as Inu Kami Suji (Dog Kami Family). Inugami could make a family rich by stealing for them and getting rid of compeditors. This meant that such families were greatly feared for it was believed that they would send their dog kami out to possess and harm others, and people would place a needle in their cloths in order to prevent this. 
The families who worshiped inugami would honor them, giving them food offerings. As with most things relating to shamanism in Japan the family line of spirits was passed down to females, thus when a girl married inugami would follow her to her new home. After this new inugami would be born each time she had children (the exact number varies from story to story).

Ittanmomen (Japan)
A yokai which appears as a flying long strip of white cloth. It drops down on people and winds around them, crushing them until they suffocate to death.

Iuer (Yakut)
Spirits of a location such as a mountain, rock, river, tree, etc.

Izuyuuma (japan)
A giant harry cave dwelling monster with four bird like legs and the face of a human, it can change its shape and will at times seek to date human woman. Though it is a cruel creature that will likely eventually flay their skin from their faces.

Jack In Irons
is a supernatural being of great stature, wearing clanking chains, who may at any moment spring out on a passer-by in the dark.

Jack o the bowl (Swiss)
A helpful house fairy which would be rewarded with bowls of fresh cream.

Jack O Lantern
The Spirits of wicked people who died they use glimmering lights to lead travelers into bogs and moors. In order to protect oneself from them is to put one's cap inside out and avoid pointing at them. For they will attack those who point at them. He can be helpful as he will light the way of those who request it but being internally duelistic in nature he can turn back to his misleading nature at any time.

Monsters which come from the souls of  still born children.

JavinÄ— (Lithuanian)
The goddess of the grain barn she was a household fairy type figure who protected barns and food storage.

Jeanie of Biggersdale
A dangerous spirit which haunts the woodlands of North Riding Yorkshire. One night a drunk brash young man made a bet that he could rouse her from the woods. So he rode up to Mulgrave Wood and called for her to come. 
“I'm Coming” She called in anger and chased him nearly to the river where she cut his horse in two, but luckly for him he was thrown clear across the water and so was safe as she could not cross after.

Jec Kanta Ot (Khanty)
Invisible evil spirits that some times appear as a skeleton. They kidnap people's souls and take these to the underground world of the dead. If a man felt morning sickness, aching bones, and similar pains in the morning it was the resault of this spirit trying to take their soul. However the Jec Kanta Ot had to flee when the dawn came so it couldn't always finish it's work.

Jenny Greenteeth
A specific name for a Grindylow

Jenny- wi'-t'-lantren
Another name for Will o the Wisp

Jentilak (Basque)
A race of giants, they ar ethe builders of megalithic monuments and the teachers of humanity.http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Jentilak

Jembalang Tanah (Malaysia)
Forest spirits, they are said to grow directly from the forest itself. They terroize those who damage their forest. Though they can be pacified if provided with food or through chanting a mantra. For this reason people would always make offerings and have ceremonies before cutting down more of the jungle.

Jerangkung (Malaysia)
A spirit which obeys I;s master if it is properly cared for but which begins to suck the blood of family members if it isn't cared for. 

Jer Kuguza (Mari-El)
(old man or old women of the lake)
The spirit of the lake which can be offended by making the lake impure (throwing dead animals in it, putting feces in it, etc). If offended the lake can cause illness or even take the entire lake somewhere else.

Jievaras (Lithuania)
A Lithuanian female spirit of the grain fields, she was offered bred and cheese in return for a good harvest. Believed to reside in the last bit of uncut rye so that during the harvest woman would leave a few small patches of grain uncut for her to reside in. These would later be braided and offerings of bread and salt left under them when the harvest was finished.

Jiji (Komi)
A tall man who is flat as aboard, with mouth and eyes that are too big for his face. It was believed that he took unattended children.

Jimmy Squarefoot (Manx)
Jimmy Squarefoot " was a cross between a human being and a tusked boar who haunted the hillward parts of Malew and Arbory, and whose footprints were found where he had shown himself.

Jin Tanah (Malaysia)
Spirits of the land who act as protectors of a region. Those entering a new land usually offered it eggs, grilled chicken, glutinous rice, and similar dishes in order to avoid having it attack them. 

Jipi (Khanty)
The name for owl, for it was believed that the purpose of owls was to destroy dangerous spirits that humans could not see. The owls could also come to people as a messanger or change form into that of a human in order to marry one.

Jisatsuobake (Japan)
A yokai which appears as an old woman in an abandoned temple causing people to kill themselves by cutting themselves open with their knives or swords. She tried to do this to one man who only had a fan and so he was unsuccessful at killing himself.

Joan the Wad (Cornish)
A type of Will o the Wisp

Jurogumo (Japan)
A spider which can take the form of a beautiful woman, she often lives in wilderness areas and seeks to  kill men by snagging them with her web or by tricking them with illusions. In one case she pretended to be holding a human child that turned out to be nothing more than a stone statue.

JustÉ™ Kuguza (Mari-El
Beats on trees and the walls of houses to keep people awake as he calls for children to come put to play. It freezes people to death, pinces their feaet and noses, hits people over the head with a wooden mallet. Hates the singing of drunk people and attacks them.
They sow up the door on cold nights.

Kabouter (Netherlands)
Tiny men who live undergorund or in musrooms or at times house hold fairies.http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Kabouter

Kadyr Os (Thvinian)
A spirit refered to as 'at the mouth of.' Shamans helpers were the 'grim owners of the forest' they were protectors of the shaman when he battled evil spirits

Kagkai (Thai)
A blood sucking, one legged forest spirits which look like a monkey with a mouth like a fly. 

Kalenik (Komi)
Forest spirit who lives in pairs and brings good fortune.

Kameosa (Japan)
A sake jar which comes to life, and gains the ability to produce an endless amount of sake while also growing hairy legs and arms.

Princess Yasunaga (Japan) (Kami)
A Kami of a river. She lived which lived in pool under a waterfall and would bring rain when asked. She was driven away by a giant crab before a wood cutter accidently killed the crab by dropping his axe into the pool of water.

Kadiu ' o-Thunder (Siberian)
A powerful being whose brother was injured in a battle and so must stay with him. But as long as he stays the tempreture remains hot and the rivers dry up. In order to deal with this situation the shaman cured Kadiu's brother so they would return home and it would start raining again.

Kappa (Japan)
Water spirits which are usually dangerous but which can also be helpful.

Kara Kara (Altaian)
Protective spirit refered to as three horned was the owner of the territory of the clan ochy.

Kas (Altaian)
Geese belonging to Utkuchi on which the shamans spirit returns to earth when he sends his spirit into the heavens.

Katajatar (Finland)
(Juniper), the lovely fairy type girl who helps to herd cattle.

Katzenveit (German)
A wood spirit (most likely a form of Scrat) which haunts the Fichtelberg and is used to frighten children (If you don't clean your room the Katzenveit will get you). He is rough and hairy looking, wears a red cap as most fairies do and loves to frolic in the cellars and kitchen. 

Kaukas (Lithuanian)
Small fairy type beings who wore greed, blue or red clothes which were often depicted as being rags. They often lived or visited barns ans granaries in the dim light of evening, clouding days, or moonlight where they would often help with the harvest and the growing of plants. They were honored ins pring festivals where people would where horns or animal heads and mustaches and beards made with rooster feathers, wool, fur and so on.  
The Kaukas could also live underground, in hills, and forests much like fairy like beings throughout Europe.

Kalyan (Komi)
A spirit which enjoys scaring children. She often appeared as a tall girl dressed in blue with long braids and blue eyes. She would cook dumplings and evite people to eat with hear. She would also appear in the form of the husband of a woman who's husband had gone missing. Though she was usually found out during meals for she had the teeth of a horse and the feet of a cow.

Kam (Komi)
A spirit which lives in a hut deep in the forest and controls wolves. They were dangerous but would let those go who could guess a riddle. In one story he turned someone he kidnapped into a sheep.

Kapre (Philippines)
Appearing as a nearly eight foot tall hairy man who smokes a big ganja pipe and wears a belt which allows them to become invisable to humans. The Kapre can befriend people, though they often would play pranks on them, typically by causing travelers to loose their way in the mountains or forests. They could cause people to become confused even in familiar surroundings. Thus people affected by the Kapre might forget that they are in their own yard or fields. 
As nature spirits they can cause the trees to rustle, smoke to rise from a tree. They also cause abundant fireflies in forests (which come from the sparks of their pipe). Often those tricked by the kapre will hear laughter but see no source for it.

Kawauso (Japan)
Rver otters with magical powers, they could create illusions, appear to be somewhere they were not, and change shape. They were usually believed to be dangerous and would at times steal men's testicles or kill people.

Keeleeni (Yakut)
A spirit which renders assistance to the shaman and might posses him in order to ask questions of the shamans audience. Usually summoned after the ritual of purification. They had a tail and would catch bad spirits and escort them away from the ritual place.

Kelio (Lithuania)
The guardian of roadways to whom white chickens were sacrificed. He was at times said to reside in stones alongside the road.

Kelpie (Scotland)
A water fairy which can appear as a large horse which will try to lure people (especially children and woman) onto his back so that he may run into the lake or river and drown them. They may also appear as handsome young men or woman.

Kenmon (Japan)
A horrible smelling red haired kappa like creature which lives in banyan trees. It uses its long arms and legs to snag octopus, fish and crabs from the water below its tree. 

Keltəmas (Mari-El)
Evil forest spirit which leads people astray at night with the help of illusions which make the world seem different from the way it really is. They can also change shapand in one story it came to a man who was in the bath hose as a wife and lead him outside making him think that the ground was covered in snow and the path was in a different location then it was so the man wandered far off into the forest before relalizing what had happened. 

Keremet (Mari-El)
The primary fairy like beings of the Mari-El People

Ker Buura (Altaian)
Protective spirit refered to as being 'of the milky lake.'

Kibann (Philippines)
Beautiful beings that are about the same size as a toddler, they have golden teeth and long hair that reaches their backwards facing feet.They live within trees and bushes. Even though it is a wilderness spirit it cleans the area around its tree, sweeping constantly. They live in clusters and love to sing. Though not out right evil they do often steal food from people, especially yams. Though it gives magical gifts to humans who befriend it.

Kijmuna (Japan)
Mischevious child sized fairy like beings that live in banyon trees and often travel along the beach where they play pranks. When they climb up onto a persons chest they are able to make it so that the person is unable to move, though they bring luck to those who befriend them. http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Kijimuna

Kikimora (Russia)
Wife of the Domovoi.

Killmoulis (Britain)
A brownie like fairy which inhabits mills.

Kitsune (Japan) 
Foxes who are very popular in Japanese folk tales as trickster figures.

Kit with the Candlestick (Engliish)
Another name for Will o the Wisp

Khan Deer (Tuvan)
A mountain range to which the shaman would appeal to for success in a hunt by sprinkling holy water and offering blue ribbon. They would also ask that those who did not appeal to the mountain range not be able to steal from it. In legend hunters killed so many animals in this mountain range that their blood became a river.

Khoor Albys (Thvinian)
Spirit of the Taiga covered mountans which were invoked during shaman rituals. They would be summuned to come and play on on the shaman. They would be asked to blow in from everywhere and soar with the whirlwind.

Kidaii Masquin (Yakut)
A fire spirit who was the first blacksmith and the inventor of iron. He lives in an iron house surrounded by flames. He is also a healer spirit which cures broken bones and tempers the souls of shamans.

Klaas Vaak (Netherlands)
An elf that would poot people to sleep by throwing grains of sand on them.

Klippes (Scotland)
A name for earth colored fairies in the Scottish Lowlands

KÅ‚obuk (Poland)
Spirits of still born babies who were buried under the threshold of a house became household spirits which often took the form of a soaking wet chicken, a duck, goose, magpie, crow, cat or even a human. They were generally helpful to their family and house but often stole from the neighbors. (Those stillborns not buried under the threshold became evil spirits called Poroniec)

Knockers (Cornish)
Fairies that help miners. http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Knocker_(folklore) 

Knocky Boh
A bogie who taps behind the wainscot to frighten children

Kobold (Germany)
Child size fairies which can either live in homes or in mines.

Kojin (Japan) (Kami)
Kami of the fire and hearth http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/K%C5%8Djin

Koolhaas (Netherlands)
Straw from the last grain harvested which was made into a hare. The spirit inside this was good and could be brought into the barn to spend the winter before being brought back out in the spring.

Korengeest (Netherlands)
General name for the spirit of the corn which was honored in order to insure a good harvest.

Korhorushy (Slavic)
A house fairy which appears as a black cat, they tend to steal money and supplies from the neighbors for the people in their household.

Korstrubonka (Ukraine)
The personification of fertility. They were spirits depicted in spring rigtuals.

Korrigan (Brittany)
Fairy like beings which have beautiful hair and bright red eyes with which they can bewitch people. Or they can be small black and hairy, wearing flat hats and velvet ribbons. The girls can sometimes wear purple caps. Pierre Dubois described them as one horned dwarfs with goats feet and iron claws shaped like a cat. They haunt caves, the fountains and moors. 
Often attributed to fairy reings, which form from their circle dancing at dusk. 

Korred's Grotto (German)
Caves which lead to the dwarves homes wher they live underground in magnificent chambers, where they forge weapons and all manner of wonderous items. They will also capture heroes and men and bring them down, occasionally loading them up with treasure as gifts or keeping them forever. Dietrich Von Bern for example was fetched away by such a dwarf.

Kostroma (Russia)
A mythological character of the seasons, she is the embodiment of spring and fertility used in fertility rituals for fields. Often a young girl was dressed in a long white dress, with oak leaves in her hands. Other times a greed dress was used. Other times scarecrow figures were errected to represent the Kostrama. 

Krampus (Austria)
Punishes bad children at Christmas. http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Krampus

Kreacher (Komi)
Dangerous spirits which would settle into a house. They would move objects and make noise at night. Sometimes these noises were so loud and troublesome that the Kreacher would drive the people out.

Kud'ai deer (Even)
Protective spirits of reindeer with divine marks such as those who were white or piebald and only those with a ball of hair on their necks. This ball could bring luck to those who cut it off and formed it into a small rope. If someone is sick or hurt the shaman brings the Kud'ai to help heal the person. 
Should a kud'ai die people wouldn't touch it. Shamans might also transfer illness to the kudai.
Reindeer were a gift from the Hovki, the god of the sun and so are animals fo the heavens.

Kudə bodəz (Mari-El)
(Also known as little hut spirit)

The family deity which inhabits the holy corner of the hut which is often divided from the rest of the hut and where dried twigs are placed for it and at times little wooden figurines. They appear to family members in dreamsin order to provide them with information and aid.
Sacrifices of cereal and the blood of a black sheep, hen or hare are made to it and are placed on a shelf in the holy corner. Such sacrifices are often made when a person has neglected this spirit causing them to become ill. 

Kuntilanak (Indonesia)
Is the ghost of a pregnat woman who died while giving birth. She appears as a beautiful woman with long flowing hair, wearing a long white shirt. They travel into villages to drain people of their blood. They can be kept away from children by putting sharp pieces of metal near where the baby sleeps. Further they can be killed by putting nails in a hole in the back of their neck.

Kunnotar (Finland)
The patroness of foxes who was asked to bring them to the hunters traps. 

Kurentsuma (Japan)
Crane wife or crane girl

Kut (Yukat)
The soul of a person which might be taken by an evil spirit making the person ill. The kut was often imagined to be a bird and was asked to flutter and fly back to the person who was sick.

Kutty (Komi)
A spirit which lived underwater except at Christmas when it would come out. It was very dangerous and would drag people into the water with it, so people sayed in to avoid it.

Kuu (Finland)
The moon goddess

Kuutar (Finland)
Every lake and stream, forest and swamp, even the flowers and trees are living beings with intelligent souls or so went the philosophy of the ancient Finns. These spirits often known as haltia (a term meaning governor or steward) acts rules over some aspect of nature such as the back woods, or the mountains. Prayers to the haltia were extreamly common as people saught their help in protecting the cattle, finding the treasures which were buried underground, successfully hunting for game and more. 
In addition to being the spirit of the forest every persona has their own haltia
“a wizard in working himself into an ecstasy invokes his haltia to rise from its hole, from under a fallen tree, or stone, or moss, or wherever it may be, and mentions its brilliant eyes and spotted cheek, as if he had a snake in his mind's eye. The technical term for being in an ecstasy (olla haltiossansa l. haltioisansa) means literally 'to be in one's haltia or among one's haltia,' in other words, 'to be in the spirit or among the spirits.' From the above examples we see that the heavens, the earth, the forest, the mountain, and individual men, have each their spirit, ruler, or guardian. Such an idea goes back to the earliest times.” 

Kuyang (Indonesia)
People who would detatch their heads form their bodies and send them flying out to drain the blood of babies.

Kuzungu (Tuvan)
One shaman's main helper spirit which dwells within a copper mirror. 

Kyopelinvuori (Finland)
Female spirits which haunt the mountains often thought to be the ghosts of virgins who died young. 

Lakanica (Poland)
Spirit of polish fields

Lambton Worm
A water dragon which terrorizes the land around Lambton hall until a knight slays it (Read Scotish Fairy Tale)

Lampong (Philippines)
A bearded white deer, most often seen with one bright eye which wears a tall black hat. It is a protector of the other animals of the forest and will try to lure hunters to shoot at it rather than the other animals. If it gets shot it turns into a powerful dwarf like creature and attacks the hunter.

Laman Lupa (Philippines)
Little people who live in the earth. They consider themselves the true owners of the land and so demand offerings from people before people plant or havest. Such offerings include the blood of a red rooster. If this isn't done it will cause a blight on peoples crops. 

Langsuir (Malaysia)
The ghost of a woman who died during the fourty days of uncleanness or while givng birth to a stillborn child. The mothers grief in this causes her spirit to come back  as a beautiful woman dressed in green, with long nails and ankle length hair. They can also take the form of a long taloned owl. They tend to live off of fish and so haunt the coast. They are jealous of pregnant woman and so will often attack these. One can tame them by cutting her nails and stuffing he hair into the hole at the back of her neck.

Latawiec (Poland)
Sould of aborted (or later unbaptized) children who appeared as black birds. They caused small amounts of wind and whirls in the air. Originally they were not harmful to people but under Christianity they became devils who had sexual contact with people.

Laukų dvasios (Lithuania)
Sprits of the field who could appear as nude woman, Kiškis (hare), Meška (bear), LapÄ— (fox), Katinas (tomcat), Bubis, Bubas, BubÄ—, Baubas, Babaužis, Bobas, Maumas (bugaboo), Raudongalvis (red-headed), Raudongerklis (red-throated), Žaliaakis (green-eyed), PaplÄ—štakis, Guda, Dizikas, Smauglys (boa), Ruginis (spirit of rye), PapiokÄ—, Pypalas, Žebris, Arklys (horse), Vilkas (wolf).

LaumÄ—s (Lithuanian)
The LaumÄ—s are female fairy like creatures.

Laukų dvasios (Lithuania)
Sprits of the field who could appear as nude woman, Kiškis (hare), Meška (bear), LapÄ— (fox), Katinas (tomcat), Bubis, Bubas, BubÄ—, Baubas, Babaužis, Bobas, Maumas (bugaboo), Raudongalvis (red-headed), Raudongerklis (red-throated), Žaliaakis (green-eyed), PaplÄ—štakis, Guda, Dizikas, Smauglys (boa), Ruginis (spirit of rye), PapiokÄ—, Pypalas, Žebris, Arklys (horse), Vilkas (wolf).

Lauru (Italy)
Little people who cause mischief such as riding animals (dogs, sheep, etc) until they are exhasted. They also tie the hair of animals and people into knots. Though oddly enough they have a sense of fair play, protecting the poor (especially farmers) from their bosses, etc. They are every intelegent.
Being internally duelistic they both steal from people but also help people to find money. They have huge stashes of treasure and so often a farmer or boy will catch them and try to force them to tell the farmer where it is, but the Lauru almost always outsmarts the human in the end. Though if you can manage to steal the Lauru's hat yor scarf you'll become rich.

Lazy Lawrence (English)
A fairy of the orchard who curses those who steal from the orchard to get cramps and pains.

Leanan Sidhe (Irish)
A fairy which inspires poets in return for their love 

Llamhigyn Y Dwr (Welsh Fairy)
Called the Water Leaper in English the Llamhigyn Y Dwr is described as a giant frog with a bat's wings instead of forelegs, a long tail and stinger instead of hindlegs
It haunts fishermen breaking their fishing lines and while leap out of the water to eat them or livestock. 

Lema (Komi)
An old hag which needed a crutch. She would lure children into her forest cabin and then keep them by force.

Lenghelo (Italy)
Often spiteful but not evil this fairy loves to tell dirty jokes, jump on stomachs of sleeping people and so forth. They may also provide people with luck, however, such as by providing them with winning lottery numbers.

Leprechaun (Irish)
A fairy who makes shoes for the fairy court and hides pots of gold which it receives as payment.

Les Lavandi�res (Brittany)
One of the Celtic Washer Woman who act as death omens.http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Les_Lavandi%C3%A8res

Leshy (Russia)
The forest king, he controls animals and throws wild parties which uproot trees.

Lesnyye zh�ny (Komi)
(Forest Wife) Was a werewolf like being which would marry hunters, living with them in their hunting hut but they were unable to cross water.

Leyak (Indonesia)
Witches which during the day appear to be ordinary humans. At night however they use postions to change their shape into tigers, monkies, pigs, or other animals. They can also send their head flying out to suck the blood of babies which are still in the womb. 

Lhiannan-Shee (Manx)
A beautiful guardian fairy.

Likho (Russia)
The spirit of misfortune

Lima (Lithuanian)
The weavers of fate in Lithuanian and Latvian lore. 

Linton Worm
A water dragon. 

Lisovyk (Ukraine)
A shaggy old forest spirit which coudl appear naked or dressed in brown and a cap of marten fur. They could appear normal size or as tall as a tree, with hairy hands and feet.
In one tale he appeared as a little old man with a green beard. They were shape changers however and so could appear as a moss covered tree, an animal, a drunk man, a fungus, or anything else. It can also appear as fiery serpent and attack people in this form.
They are often considered to be dangerous beings which knock people over in the forest, or at times kills them. 
He likes peace and quite in his forest and thus hates people who whistle at night or do other loud things in the forest. Though he himself is a mischievious creature. In order to escape him him one needs to turn their shirts inside out and wear their shes on the wrong foot.
Still it could also be helpful, it would provide people with knowledge of the future, help to find lost cows. Further hey protect the forest animals acting as a hereder of the wild. It was also believed that if you offered him rye flour or eggs at forest cross roads he would help to keep wild animals from eating your farm animals as well. 

Lob Lie by the Fire
A house fairy

Loireag (Scotland)
A water fairy that loves the arts of music and weaving and gets furious with anyone who makes mistakes at these.

Loon (Mongolia)
A spirit of water and sky, they are believed to be a mediator between worlds (the spirits of the water and heavens). For this reason shamans will often immitate the sounds of the loon during a s�ance.

Lovpu (Komi)
Word for Alder tree which was magical tree with a strong spirit. Weapons made from it could kill sorcerers such that they couldn't come back to life.

Lubberkin (Great Britain)
A form of house fairy.

Luhovoy (Russia)
A spirit who's name can be translated roughly to meadow. They appear as a  little green ban with a shirt made out of grass. They are a field spirit who helps people to harvest but when angered can also hinder their ability by making the grain tougher to cut. They hate laziness and will attack those who fall asleep in the field.

Lumikki (Finland)
In charge of snow white animals such as ermine

Lummekoira (Finland)
Only mentioned once in the songs that I have found;
"From waters of witches hast thou come, from the lilies on a landlocked lake, from Nixies’lummekoira haunts, from a water-Hiisi's hole, from the sea's black mud, a thousand fathoms deep..."

Lunantishee (Irish)
The lunantishees are the tribes that guard the blackthorn trees or sloes; they let you cut no stick on the eleventh of November (the original November Day), or on the eleventh of May (the original May Day). If at such a time you cut a blackthorn, some misfortune will come to you.

Lutin (France)
A term for fairies in France. http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Lutin

Lykho (Ukraine)
The embodiement of sorrow, grief, injustice, and so forth. They are often portrayed as a one eyed giant old woman. They live in big houses in the middle of the forest, or in abandoned windmills. Instead of beds they sleep on piles of bones from those they have eaten.

Lyuzimer (Komi)
A malicious spirit which causes whirlpools, blizzrds, and wind which scattered the hay in the fields. Tabacco was believed to drive it away.

Mab (England)
A Queen of the Fairies. http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Queen_Mab 

Magtitima (Philippines)
Tree spirits who will curse mortals who hurt the trees.

Mahomanay (Philippines)
Beautiful forest spirits who protect animals and will give good luck to people who leave them offerings at the base of their trees.

Maiden (Great Britain)
Human girls have the unique ability to calm and capture many creatures such as the Afnac, unicorn, etc. It is likely that this is a remnant of Shamanistic traditions of the past. For the Indo-European's often and woman as oracles. Further there is some evidence of a relationship between the early Celts and the Altaic People's who have female shamans. 
http://zeluna.net/english-fairytales-thestarsinthesky.html - A fairy tale which likely has some roots in vision quests.
http://zeluna.net/english-fairytales-childerowland.html - A girl who sets out to free her love from fairy land..

Succubus or Incubus  figure which rapes sleeping figures and devours their souls

Mari (Basque)
A goddess of weather, and likely the original head goddess of the basques.http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Mari_(goddess)

Mambabarang (Philippines)
A witch who sends spirits to possess people they don't like. The mambabarangs aren't a creature so much as they are ordinary people who have learned black magic. They will often torture and kill civtims by sending insects to infest their bodies. To do this they steal a strand of hair from their chosen victim and tie it to the bugs or worms whch they use much like a voodoo doll would be  used.

Mamun (Poland)
Evil spirits which plauged pregnant woman and kidnapped newborn children, replacing the child with slow witted children. It was believed that they were women who died in childbirth or during pregnancy. They were portrayed as hairy old woman or as half woman half animal. A red ribben or red cap could protect children from them.

Manananggl (Philippines)
A flying monster which hunts for babies and fetuses which it uses it's long tongue to snatch from houses. The name Manananggl can also be a witch who sends her upper torso out hunting at night. This torso is able to fly. As with the other manananggal she uses a long tongue to suck babies and fetuses out of woman. However she is a beautiful creature who will seduce men in order to lure them away so that she may devour them as well. She tends to eat the heart, liver, and stomach, rather than the meet. Sunlight is very dangerous to her so if she can't find the lower half of her body by dawn she will die. Salt, ash and garlic can be placed on this lower half to prevent her from combinding again.

Maruge (Japan)
Tiny yokai which appear as balls of hair and lurk in boxes where money is stored. They bit the fingers of anyone who tries to remove money from the boxes they inhabit.

Mavky (Ukraine)
They are female wood spirits who use song and dance to lure boys into the woods, where they may chop off their heads. 

May Mou- (English)
A spirit akin to the Killmoulis, whereas it is " the girl with the hairy left-hand " which haunts Tulloch Gorms, and gives warning of a death in the Grant family

Mazarol (Italy)
They are old men with a sturdy build which dress in red, with a turquise jacket  and a large hat. He is vindictive against those who betray trust. In one tale a girl trampled over his path, angering him so that he breathed in her face causing her to forget her previous life. He than brought her back to serve him, teaching her how to make butter and cheese while promising to teach her how to make wax. Before this could happen a hunter recoginized her and brought her home, they tried to revive her memory but failed until at last an old lady gave her milk form a white goat at which point her memories returned. She was the one who taught her people how to make butter and cheese.

Medeina / Žvorūna (Lithuanian)
A Lithuanian forest godess.

Meg Moulach (Scotland)
A female house fairy who turned evil.

Meinvette (Denmark)
An Evil Forest Spirit

Melsh Dick (Britain)
A guardian of nut trees.

Menninkainen (Finland)
A forest fairy which appears as a tiny man. They love to riddle, struggle for dominance, etc. 

Mielikki (Finnish)
Goddess of the forest and one of the primary creators of the sacred bears she is at various times the wife or daughter in law of Tapio. 
She is asked at various times to help with haunts or to protect cattle grazing in the forest or those who are seeking to gather mushrooms and berries.
She heals animals through healing, or by treating baby chicks which have fallen from their nests and occasionally she’ll train a human in her healing arts.

Half Human Half Fish Water fairy. http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Mermaid 

Merrows (Irish)
A form of mermaid which used red caps to transform.

Mikitar (Finland)
Another word for fox 

Minair� (Catalonia)
Is a tiny fairy which might swarm like mosquitoes. http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Minair�

Moddy Dhoo (Manx)
A form of black dog http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Moddey_Dhoo 

Monachicchio (Italy)
Said to be the spirits of children who died before they were baptized they are handsome with a gentle character (They also wear a red cap like most fairies). They usually appear to children with whom they spend a lot of time playing. They often play childish pranks on adults such as tickling thier feet, pulling off their covers, or sitting on them while they sleep. They tie the hair of animals into knots.
They will whisper sweet words into the ears of beautiful girls and lick or pinch their cheeks.